Trait mindfulness and catastrophizing as mediators of the association between pain severity and pain-related impairment

Chung Jung Mun, Morris A. Okun, Paul Karoly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined dispositional mindfulness and pain catastrophizing as mediators of the relation between pain severity and pain-related impairment controlling for pain acceptance in a group of college students classified as either low ( N= 177) or high ( N= 158) in pain severity. We tested a three-path model of the following sequence: pain severity. →. trait mindfulness. →. pain catastrophizing. →. pain-related impairment. Structural equation modeling indicated good fit of the proposed model to the data. Mediational analyses with percentile bootstrapping revealed that mindfulness mediated the relations between pain severity and (a) catastrophizing; and (b) pain-related impairment. Unexpectedly, after controlling for mindfulness and pain acceptance, catastrophizing was not significantly associated with pain-related impairment. Several explanations are provided for the null effect of pain catastrophizing on pain-related impairment. Finally, future research directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume66
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Catastrophizing
  • Disability
  • Mediation
  • Pain
  • Trait mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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