Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens

Edelgard Janssen, Berthold Hoelldobler, Friedrich Kern, Hans Jürgen Bestmann, Kazuki Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens marks recruitment trails with poison gland secretions. The effective trail pheromone compound is 6-n-pentyl-2-pyrone. Poison gland components were identified by means of gas chromatographic coupled mass spectrometry. The biological activity was examined in trail-following experiments as well as in gas chromatographic coupled electroantennograms. In addition to 6-n-pentyl-2-pyrone, a number of monoterpenes were found in the poison gland secretion, i.e., α-pinene, camphene, β-pinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, α-terpinene, and limonene. The terpenoid compounds increased the trail-following response only slightly when offered together with 6-n-pentyl-2-pyrone. In contrast to the latter component, synthetic monoterpenes elicited no orientation behavior in trail-following bioassays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1034
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume23
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

trail pheromones
pyrones
Ants
Poisons
Pheromones
pheromone
ant
Formicidae
Monoterpenes
monoterpene
monoterpenoids
secretion
Gases
orientation behavior
gases
camphene
electroantennography
myrcene
Bioassay
Terpenes

Keywords

  • 6-n-pentyl-2-pyrone
  • Ants
  • Monoterpenes
  • Myrmicinae
  • Poison gland
  • Trail pheromone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Janssen, E., Hoelldobler, B., Kern, F., Bestmann, H. J., & Tsuji, K. (1997). Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 23(4), 1025-1034.

Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens. / Janssen, Edelgard; Hoelldobler, Berthold; Kern, Friedrich; Bestmann, Hans Jürgen; Tsuji, Kazuki.

In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1997, p. 1025-1034.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Janssen, E, Hoelldobler, B, Kern, F, Bestmann, HJ & Tsuji, K 1997, 'Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens', Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1025-1034.
Janssen E, Hoelldobler B, Kern F, Bestmann HJ, Tsuji K. Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 1997;23(4):1025-1034.
Janssen, Edelgard ; Hoelldobler, Berthold ; Kern, Friedrich ; Bestmann, Hans Jürgen ; Tsuji, Kazuki. / Trail pheromone of myrmicine ant Pristomyrmex pungens. In: Journal of Chemical Ecology. 1997 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 1025-1034.
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