Traffic of chitin synthase 1 (CHS-1) to the spitzenkörper and developing septa in hyphae of neurospora crassa: Actin dependence and evidence of distinct microvesicle populations

Eddy Sánchez-León, Jorge Verdín, Michael Freitag, Robert Roberson, Salomon Bartnicki-Garcia, Meritxell Riquelme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the subcellular location of chitin synthase 1 (CHS-1), one of seven chitin synthases in Neurospora crassa. Laser scanning confocal microscopy of growing hyphae showed CHS-1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) localized conspicuously in regions of active wall synthesis, namely, the core of the Spitzenkörper (Spk), the apical cell surface, and developing septa. It was also present in numerous fine particles throughout the cytoplasm plus some large vacuoles in distal hyphal regions. Although the same general subcellular distribution was observed previously for CHS-3 and CHS-6, they did not fully colocalize. Dual labeling showed that the three different chitin synthases were contained in different vesicular compartments, suggesting the existence of a different subpopulation of chitosomes for each CHS. CHS-1-GFP persisted in the Spk during hyphal elongation but disappeared from the septum after its development was completed. Wide-field fluorescence microscopy and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy revealed subapical clouds of particles, suggestive of chitosomes moving continuously toward the Spk. Benomyl had no effect on CHS-1-GFP localization, indicating that microtubules are not strictly required for CHS trafficking to the hyphal apex. Conversely, actin inhibitors caused severe mislocalization of CHS-1-GFP, indicating that actin plays a major role in the orderly traffic and localization of CHS-1 at the apex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-695
Number of pages13
JournalEukaryotic Cell
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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