Tracing the Distribution of Late 16th and Early 17th Century European Copper Artefacts in Southern Québec and Ontario, Canada

L. A. Pavlish, Konstantina-Eleni Michelaki, J. F. Moreau, R. M. Farquhar, W. Fox, L. M. Anselmi, C. Garrad, C. Walker, G. Warrick, D. Knight, S. Aufreiter, R. G.V. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand the nature of trade/exchange of 'Basque' copper kettles and their fragments among Indigenous communities from Québec to Ontario, Canada, we examined 948 copper samples from 75 archaeological sites. We found that 936 samples were sortable into 11 coarse chemical groups: seven biased towards Ontario, three favouring Québec and only one balanced between the two provinces. This pattern may represent kettles and pieces 'mostly traded' or 'mostly kept' by Indigenous groups within Québec. Chemical group distribution within individual provinces is complex. A tentative chronology of copper chemical groups provides additional insight into the complex trading/exchange patterns among the Indigenous groups of southern Ontario.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchaeometry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

artifact
Canada
Group
Basque
Artifact
Copper
Ontario
Kettle
community
Archaeological Sites
Chronology
Indigenous Communities

Keywords

  • Abitibi
  • Attawandaron
  • Basque kettles
  • European copper
  • Saguenay
  • Tionontaté
  • Wendat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Tracing the Distribution of Late 16th and Early 17th Century European Copper Artefacts in Southern Québec and Ontario, Canada. / Pavlish, L. A.; Michelaki, Konstantina-Eleni; Moreau, J. F.; Farquhar, R. M.; Fox, W.; Anselmi, L. M.; Garrad, C.; Walker, C.; Warrick, G.; Knight, D.; Aufreiter, S.; Hancock, R. G.V.

In: Archaeometry, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavlish, LA, Michelaki, K-E, Moreau, JF, Farquhar, RM, Fox, W, Anselmi, LM, Garrad, C, Walker, C, Warrick, G, Knight, D, Aufreiter, S & Hancock, RGV 2017, 'Tracing the Distribution of Late 16th and Early 17th Century European Copper Artefacts in Southern Québec and Ontario, Canada', Archaeometry. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12323
Pavlish, L. A. ; Michelaki, Konstantina-Eleni ; Moreau, J. F. ; Farquhar, R. M. ; Fox, W. ; Anselmi, L. M. ; Garrad, C. ; Walker, C. ; Warrick, G. ; Knight, D. ; Aufreiter, S. ; Hancock, R. G.V. / Tracing the Distribution of Late 16th and Early 17th Century European Copper Artefacts in Southern Québec and Ontario, Canada. In: Archaeometry. 2017.
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