Background: Numerous diets, apps and websites help guide and monitor dietary behaviour with the goal of losing weight, yet dieting success is highly dependent on personal preferences and circumstances. To enable a more quantitative approach to dieting, we developed an integrated platform that allows tracking of life-style information alongside molecular biofeedback measurements (lactate and insulin). Methods: To facilitate weight loss, participants (≥18 years) omitted one main meal from the usual three-meal routine. Daily caloric intake was restricted to ~1200KCal with one optional snack ≤250KCal. A mobile health platform (personalhealth.warwick.ac.uk) was developed and used to maintain diaries of food intake, weight, urine collection and volume. A survey was conducted to understand participants' willingness to collect samples, motivation for taking part in the study and reasons for dropout. Results: Meal skipping resulted in weight loss after a 24 h period in contrast to 3-meal control days regardless of the meal that was skipped, breakfast, lunch or dinner (p < 0.001). Common reasons for engagement were interest in losing weight and personal metabolic profile. Total insulin and lactate values varied significantly between healthy and obese individuals at p = 0.01 and 0.05 respectively. Conclusion: In a proof of concept study with a meal-skipping diet, we show that insulin and lactate values in urine correlate with weight loss, making these molecules potential candidates for quantitative feedback on food intake behaviour to people dieting.
- App development
- Weight loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health