Towards effective evaluation and reform in medical education: A cognitive and learning sciences perspective

Vimla Patel, Nicole A. Yoskowitz, Jose F. Arocha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Health professions education is dealing with major transformations in light of the changing nature of the health care delivery system, including the use of technology for "just in time" delivery of care, evidence-based practice, personalized medical care and learning, as health professionals strive to integrate biomedical advances and clinical practice. This has forced the medical education community to reassess the current teaching and learning practices and more importantly, the evaluation of the medical education process. There have been recent advances in cognitive and learning sciences theories, some of which can inform medical educators about best teaching and learning practices and their impact on the evaluation process. An understanding of these theories provides a sound rationale for choosing specific instructional strategies and choosing evaluation measures that assess the curricular objectives. The review begins with an overview of evaluation and assessment in education, followed by an overview of major theories from the cognitive and learning sciences. Next, the role of cognitive and learning sciences theories in informing the process of medical education evaluation is discussed, including its impact on student learning, performance and professional competence, as well as recommendations for reform of medical curricula based on such theories. The paper continues with the elaboration of current trends in health sciences education, particularly medical education, and available evidence for the impact on student learning and performance as well as areas where more research is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-812
Number of pages22
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

Cognitive Science
Medical Education
Learning
reform
science
evaluation
learning
education
Health Education
Teaching
health care delivery system
Students
learning performance
Professional Competence
Delivery of Health Care
Health Occupations
health science
Evidence-Based Practice
health professionals
medical care

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Clinical competence
  • Cognitive science
  • Evaluation
  • Learning science
  • Medical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Towards effective evaluation and reform in medical education : A cognitive and learning sciences perspective. / Patel, Vimla; Yoskowitz, Nicole A.; Arocha, Jose F.

In: Advances in Health Sciences Education, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.11.2009, p. 791-812.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patel, Vimla ; Yoskowitz, Nicole A. ; Arocha, Jose F. / Towards effective evaluation and reform in medical education : A cognitive and learning sciences perspective. In: Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2009 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 791-812.
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