This paper presents a conceptual and methodological approach for researching social conditions to understand how urban change and development affects a community and its residents. Manaus, in Brazil's Amazonia region, received much criticism after US$300 million that was spent on a 40,000+ seat (upgraded) stadium in a city with no regular sporting tournaments. This paper positions the need to look beyond tangible features and assess social impacts based on community perceptions using ethnography to locate local meanings of social transformation. Attention is needed in communities adjacent to new stadium developments in Manaus to understand inclusion, exclusion and social leveraging.
- social conditions
- urban transformation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development