Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico

Götz Schroth, Peter Laderach, Jan Dempewolf, Stacy Philpott, Jeremy Haggar, Hallie Eakin, Teresa Castillejos, Jaime Garcia Moreno, Lorena Soto Pinto, Ricardo Hernandez, Anton Eitzinger, Julian Ramirez-Villegas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mountain chain of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in southern Mexico is globally significant for its biodiversity and is one of the most important coffee production areas of Mexico. It provides water for several municipalities and its biosphere reserves are important tourist attractions. Much of the forest cover outside the core protected areas is in fact coffee grown under traditional forest shade. Unless this (agro)forest cover can be sustained, the biodiversity of the Sierra Madre and the environmental services it provides are at risk. We analyzed the threats to livelihoods and environment from climate change through crop suitability modeling based on downscaled climate scenarios for the period 2040 to 2069 (referred to as 2050s) and developed adaptation options through an expert workshop. Significant areas of forest and occasionally coffee are destroyed every year by wildfires, and this problem is bound to increase in a hotter and drier future climate. Widespread landslides and inundations, including on coffee farms, have recently been caused by hurricanes whose intensity is predicted to increase. A hotter climate with more irregular rainfall will be less favorable to the production of quality coffee and lower profitability may compel farmers to abandon shade coffee and expand other land uses of less biodiversity value, probably at the expense of forest. A comprehensive strategy to sustain the biodiversity, ecosystem services and livelihoods of the Sierra Madre in the face of climate change should include the promotion of biodiversity friendly coffee growing and processing practices including complex shade which can offer some hurricane protection and product diversification; payments for forest conservation and restoration from existing government programs complemented by private initiatives; diversification of income sources to mitigate risks associated with unstable environmental conditions and coffee markets; integrated fire management; development of markets that reward sustainable land use practices and forest conservation; crop insurance programs that are accessible to smallholders; and the strengthening of local capacity for adaptive resource management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-625
Number of pages21
JournalMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

coffee
ecosystem
biodiversity
forest cover
hurricane
climate
land use
tourist attraction
crop
climate change
market
fire management
climate change adaptation
smallholder
wildfire
profitability
ecosystem service
protected area
landslide
resource management

Keywords

  • Adaptive resource management
  • Coffea arabica
  • Coffee quality
  • Crop suitability modeling
  • Ecosystem based adaptation
  • Livelihoods diversification
  • MAXENT
  • Natural disaster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology

Cite this

Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. / Schroth, Götz; Laderach, Peter; Dempewolf, Jan; Philpott, Stacy; Haggar, Jeremy; Eakin, Hallie; Castillejos, Teresa; Moreno, Jaime Garcia; Pinto, Lorena Soto; Hernandez, Ricardo; Eitzinger, Anton; Ramirez-Villegas, Julian.

In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 14, No. 7, 2009, p. 605-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schroth, G, Laderach, P, Dempewolf, J, Philpott, S, Haggar, J, Eakin, H, Castillejos, T, Moreno, JG, Pinto, LS, Hernandez, R, Eitzinger, A & Ramirez-Villegas, J 2009, 'Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico', Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 605-625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5
Schroth, Götz ; Laderach, Peter ; Dempewolf, Jan ; Philpott, Stacy ; Haggar, Jeremy ; Eakin, Hallie ; Castillejos, Teresa ; Moreno, Jaime Garcia ; Pinto, Lorena Soto ; Hernandez, Ricardo ; Eitzinger, Anton ; Ramirez-Villegas, Julian. / Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. 2009 ; Vol. 14, No. 7. pp. 605-625.
@article{7b80cb8225cf4fdaab83071310f28b38,
title = "Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico",
abstract = "The mountain chain of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in southern Mexico is globally significant for its biodiversity and is one of the most important coffee production areas of Mexico. It provides water for several municipalities and its biosphere reserves are important tourist attractions. Much of the forest cover outside the core protected areas is in fact coffee grown under traditional forest shade. Unless this (agro)forest cover can be sustained, the biodiversity of the Sierra Madre and the environmental services it provides are at risk. We analyzed the threats to livelihoods and environment from climate change through crop suitability modeling based on downscaled climate scenarios for the period 2040 to 2069 (referred to as 2050s) and developed adaptation options through an expert workshop. Significant areas of forest and occasionally coffee are destroyed every year by wildfires, and this problem is bound to increase in a hotter and drier future climate. Widespread landslides and inundations, including on coffee farms, have recently been caused by hurricanes whose intensity is predicted to increase. A hotter climate with more irregular rainfall will be less favorable to the production of quality coffee and lower profitability may compel farmers to abandon shade coffee and expand other land uses of less biodiversity value, probably at the expense of forest. A comprehensive strategy to sustain the biodiversity, ecosystem services and livelihoods of the Sierra Madre in the face of climate change should include the promotion of biodiversity friendly coffee growing and processing practices including complex shade which can offer some hurricane protection and product diversification; payments for forest conservation and restoration from existing government programs complemented by private initiatives; diversification of income sources to mitigate risks associated with unstable environmental conditions and coffee markets; integrated fire management; development of markets that reward sustainable land use practices and forest conservation; crop insurance programs that are accessible to smallholders; and the strengthening of local capacity for adaptive resource management.",
keywords = "Adaptive resource management, Coffea arabica, Coffee quality, Crop suitability modeling, Ecosystem based adaptation, Livelihoods diversification, MAXENT, Natural disaster",
author = "G{\"o}tz Schroth and Peter Laderach and Jan Dempewolf and Stacy Philpott and Jeremy Haggar and Hallie Eakin and Teresa Castillejos and Moreno, {Jaime Garcia} and Pinto, {Lorena Soto} and Ricardo Hernandez and Anton Eitzinger and Julian Ramirez-Villegas",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "605--625",
journal = "Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change",
issn = "1381-2386",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico

AU - Schroth, Götz

AU - Laderach, Peter

AU - Dempewolf, Jan

AU - Philpott, Stacy

AU - Haggar, Jeremy

AU - Eakin, Hallie

AU - Castillejos, Teresa

AU - Moreno, Jaime Garcia

AU - Pinto, Lorena Soto

AU - Hernandez, Ricardo

AU - Eitzinger, Anton

AU - Ramirez-Villegas, Julian

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The mountain chain of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in southern Mexico is globally significant for its biodiversity and is one of the most important coffee production areas of Mexico. It provides water for several municipalities and its biosphere reserves are important tourist attractions. Much of the forest cover outside the core protected areas is in fact coffee grown under traditional forest shade. Unless this (agro)forest cover can be sustained, the biodiversity of the Sierra Madre and the environmental services it provides are at risk. We analyzed the threats to livelihoods and environment from climate change through crop suitability modeling based on downscaled climate scenarios for the period 2040 to 2069 (referred to as 2050s) and developed adaptation options through an expert workshop. Significant areas of forest and occasionally coffee are destroyed every year by wildfires, and this problem is bound to increase in a hotter and drier future climate. Widespread landslides and inundations, including on coffee farms, have recently been caused by hurricanes whose intensity is predicted to increase. A hotter climate with more irregular rainfall will be less favorable to the production of quality coffee and lower profitability may compel farmers to abandon shade coffee and expand other land uses of less biodiversity value, probably at the expense of forest. A comprehensive strategy to sustain the biodiversity, ecosystem services and livelihoods of the Sierra Madre in the face of climate change should include the promotion of biodiversity friendly coffee growing and processing practices including complex shade which can offer some hurricane protection and product diversification; payments for forest conservation and restoration from existing government programs complemented by private initiatives; diversification of income sources to mitigate risks associated with unstable environmental conditions and coffee markets; integrated fire management; development of markets that reward sustainable land use practices and forest conservation; crop insurance programs that are accessible to smallholders; and the strengthening of local capacity for adaptive resource management.

AB - The mountain chain of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in southern Mexico is globally significant for its biodiversity and is one of the most important coffee production areas of Mexico. It provides water for several municipalities and its biosphere reserves are important tourist attractions. Much of the forest cover outside the core protected areas is in fact coffee grown under traditional forest shade. Unless this (agro)forest cover can be sustained, the biodiversity of the Sierra Madre and the environmental services it provides are at risk. We analyzed the threats to livelihoods and environment from climate change through crop suitability modeling based on downscaled climate scenarios for the period 2040 to 2069 (referred to as 2050s) and developed adaptation options through an expert workshop. Significant areas of forest and occasionally coffee are destroyed every year by wildfires, and this problem is bound to increase in a hotter and drier future climate. Widespread landslides and inundations, including on coffee farms, have recently been caused by hurricanes whose intensity is predicted to increase. A hotter climate with more irregular rainfall will be less favorable to the production of quality coffee and lower profitability may compel farmers to abandon shade coffee and expand other land uses of less biodiversity value, probably at the expense of forest. A comprehensive strategy to sustain the biodiversity, ecosystem services and livelihoods of the Sierra Madre in the face of climate change should include the promotion of biodiversity friendly coffee growing and processing practices including complex shade which can offer some hurricane protection and product diversification; payments for forest conservation and restoration from existing government programs complemented by private initiatives; diversification of income sources to mitigate risks associated with unstable environmental conditions and coffee markets; integrated fire management; development of markets that reward sustainable land use practices and forest conservation; crop insurance programs that are accessible to smallholders; and the strengthening of local capacity for adaptive resource management.

KW - Adaptive resource management

KW - Coffea arabica

KW - Coffee quality

KW - Crop suitability modeling

KW - Ecosystem based adaptation

KW - Livelihoods diversification

KW - MAXENT

KW - Natural disaster

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857054817&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84857054817&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5

DO - 10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 605

EP - 625

JO - Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

JF - Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

SN - 1381-2386

IS - 7

ER -