We present the results of preliminary investigations determining the sensitivity and applicability of a novel x-ray diffraction based nanoscale imaging technique, including simulations and experiments. The ultimate aim of this nascent technique is non-destructive, bulk-material characterization on the nanometer scale, involving three dimensional image reconstructions of embedded nanoparticles and in situ sample characterization. The approach is insensitive to x-ray coherence, making it applicable to synchrotron and laboratory hard x-ray sources, opening the possibility of unprecedented nanometer resolution with the latter. The technique is being developed with a focus on analyzing a technologically important light metal alloy, Al-xCu (where x is 2.0-5.0 %wt). The mono- and polycrystalline samples contain crystallographically oriented, weakly diffracting Al2Cu nanoprecipitates in a sparse, spatially random dispersion within the Al matrix. By employing a triple-axis diffractometer in the non-dispersive setup we collected two-dimensional reciprocal space maps of synchrotron x-rays diffracted from the Al2Cu nanoparticles. The intensity profiles of the diffraction peaks confirmed the sensitivity of the technique to the presence and orientation of the nanoparticles. This is a fundamental step towards in situ observation of such extremely sparse, weakly diffracting nanoprecipitates embedded in light metal alloys at early stages of their growth.