Tokenism in Criminology and Criminal Justice Departments: Problems and Solutions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this article, I argue that criminology and criminal justice programs exhibit racial “tokenism,” in that the majority of such programs employ no more than one Black tenured/tenure track professor. This tokenism creates a plethora of problems that undermine the contributions of Black faculty and prevent them from achieving their full potential. I use my own experiences to illustrate these issues. I conclude with potential solutions to the problems identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-346
Number of pages9
JournalRace and Justice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • African Americans
  • criminal justice
  • diversity
  • higher education
  • tokenism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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