Todorokites: A new family of naturally occurring manganese oxides

Shirley Turner, P R Buseck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Todorokites are found in numerous terrestrial deposits and are important copper- and nickel-bearing materials in manganese nodules. Their structures are highly disordered, not well known, and controversial. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals that terrestrial todorokites consist of tunnel structures of previously unreported dimensions and that these tunnel structures are intergrown coherently on a unit cell scale. Many types and degrees of disorder are evident in the high-resolution images. These newly discovered structures indicate a need for a revised nomenclature of tunnel manganese oxides, and such a system is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1024-1027
Number of pages4
Issue number4498
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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