Toddler risk and protective characteristics: Common and unique genetic and environmental influences

Gianna Rea-Sandin, Sierra Clifford, Carlos Valiente, Kathryn Lemery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The goal of this study was to disentangle the common and unique genetic and environmental influences on social–emotional competence, problem behavior, physiological dysregulation, and negative emotionality (NE) in toddlers. The sample consisted of 243 twin pairs (mean age =31.94 months) rated by primary caregivers (>95% mothers) on the Children's Behavior Questionnaire and the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment. A multivariate Cholesky Decomposition revealed three shared environmental factors, with one set of environmental influences common to competence, problem behavior, and physiological dysregulation, a second common to problem behavior and physiological dysregulation, and a third common to physiological dysregulation and NE. Also, there were two additive genetic factors, with one explaining variance in competence, NE, and a small amount of variance in problem behavior, and a second explaining variance in problem behavior and NE. Given the common shared environmental factors across outcomes, these results suggest that toddlerhood could be a particularly important time to intervene, as interventions could simultaneously improve competencies and reduce problem behaviors. This study also highlights the need for genetically informed research to examine the etiology of multiple outcomes and address overlap.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSocial Development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

emotionality
Mental Competency
environmental factors
Child Behavior
heredity
Caregivers
Problem Behavior
etiology
caregiver
Mothers
infant
questionnaire
Research

Keywords

  • behavior problems
  • competencies
  • genetic
  • toddler
  • twin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Toddler risk and protective characteristics : Common and unique genetic and environmental influences. / Rea-Sandin, Gianna; Clifford, Sierra; Valiente, Carlos; Lemery, Kathryn.

In: Social Development, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1107420dc90740b0bedd7f5592d4bc3b,
title = "Toddler risk and protective characteristics: Common and unique genetic and environmental influences",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to disentangle the common and unique genetic and environmental influences on social–emotional competence, problem behavior, physiological dysregulation, and negative emotionality (NE) in toddlers. The sample consisted of 243 twin pairs (mean age =31.94 months) rated by primary caregivers (>95{\%} mothers) on the Children's Behavior Questionnaire and the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment. A multivariate Cholesky Decomposition revealed three shared environmental factors, with one set of environmental influences common to competence, problem behavior, and physiological dysregulation, a second common to problem behavior and physiological dysregulation, and a third common to physiological dysregulation and NE. Also, there were two additive genetic factors, with one explaining variance in competence, NE, and a small amount of variance in problem behavior, and a second explaining variance in problem behavior and NE. Given the common shared environmental factors across outcomes, these results suggest that toddlerhood could be a particularly important time to intervene, as interventions could simultaneously improve competencies and reduce problem behaviors. This study also highlights the need for genetically informed research to examine the etiology of multiple outcomes and address overlap.",
keywords = "behavior problems, competencies, genetic, toddler, twin",
author = "Gianna Rea-Sandin and Sierra Clifford and Carlos Valiente and Kathryn Lemery",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/sode.12347",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Social Development",
issn = "0961-205X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toddler risk and protective characteristics

T2 - Common and unique genetic and environmental influences

AU - Rea-Sandin, Gianna

AU - Clifford, Sierra

AU - Valiente, Carlos

AU - Lemery, Kathryn

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The goal of this study was to disentangle the common and unique genetic and environmental influences on social–emotional competence, problem behavior, physiological dysregulation, and negative emotionality (NE) in toddlers. The sample consisted of 243 twin pairs (mean age =31.94 months) rated by primary caregivers (>95% mothers) on the Children's Behavior Questionnaire and the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment. A multivariate Cholesky Decomposition revealed three shared environmental factors, with one set of environmental influences common to competence, problem behavior, and physiological dysregulation, a second common to problem behavior and physiological dysregulation, and a third common to physiological dysregulation and NE. Also, there were two additive genetic factors, with one explaining variance in competence, NE, and a small amount of variance in problem behavior, and a second explaining variance in problem behavior and NE. Given the common shared environmental factors across outcomes, these results suggest that toddlerhood could be a particularly important time to intervene, as interventions could simultaneously improve competencies and reduce problem behaviors. This study also highlights the need for genetically informed research to examine the etiology of multiple outcomes and address overlap.

AB - The goal of this study was to disentangle the common and unique genetic and environmental influences on social–emotional competence, problem behavior, physiological dysregulation, and negative emotionality (NE) in toddlers. The sample consisted of 243 twin pairs (mean age =31.94 months) rated by primary caregivers (>95% mothers) on the Children's Behavior Questionnaire and the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment. A multivariate Cholesky Decomposition revealed three shared environmental factors, with one set of environmental influences common to competence, problem behavior, and physiological dysregulation, a second common to problem behavior and physiological dysregulation, and a third common to physiological dysregulation and NE. Also, there were two additive genetic factors, with one explaining variance in competence, NE, and a small amount of variance in problem behavior, and a second explaining variance in problem behavior and NE. Given the common shared environmental factors across outcomes, these results suggest that toddlerhood could be a particularly important time to intervene, as interventions could simultaneously improve competencies and reduce problem behaviors. This study also highlights the need for genetically informed research to examine the etiology of multiple outcomes and address overlap.

KW - behavior problems

KW - competencies

KW - genetic

KW - toddler

KW - twin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056842873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056842873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/sode.12347

DO - 10.1111/sode.12347

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85056842873

JO - Social Development

JF - Social Development

SN - 0961-205X

ER -