Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide

Daniel Adams, T. Laursen, Terry Alford, J. W. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Encapsulation of Ag and Cu films via Ti nitridation of Ag(Ti) and Cu(Ti) alloy systems in an ammonia ambient has been investigated. Silver- and copper-titanium alloys on silicon dioxide of compositions varying from 4 to 27 at.% Ti were annealed at temperatures between 350°C and 700°C, for durations of 10-120 min in a flowing NH3 ambient. Annealing of the Ag(Ti) and Cu(Ti) alloys at temperatures ≥400°C, resulted in segregation of Ti to the surface to form a TiN(O) encapsulation layer and to the alloy/SiO2 interface. At the interface, Ti reacted with the SiO2 to form a TiO/Ti5Si3 bilayer structure. Kinetic studies showed that Ti reactions take place within the first 10 min. This self-limiting behavior occurs for all annealing temperatures, but the encapsulation reaction increases with temperature. Four-point probe analysis of the alloy films suggests that the resistivity is controlled by the residual Ti concentration. Comparable resistivity values were obtained for Ag and Cu in the composition range considered. Resistivity values of ∼2.6 μΩ-cm were measured in encapsulated Ag films with initial low Ti concentrations after nitridation at 600°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-454
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume308-309
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Oct 31 1997

Fingerprint

Titanium nitride
titanium nitrides
Encapsulation
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
silicon dioxide
Nitridation
electrical resistivity
Annealing
Temperature
annealing
temperature
copper alloys
Copper alloys
titanium alloys
Chemical analysis
Titanium alloys
Silver
Ammonia
ammonia

Keywords

  • Ag films
  • Cu films
  • Encapsulation
  • Silicon dioxide
  • Ti nitridation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Adams, D., Laursen, T., Alford, T., & Mayer, J. W. (1997). Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide. Thin Solid Films, 308-309(1-4), 448-454.

Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide. / Adams, Daniel; Laursen, T.; Alford, Terry; Mayer, J. W.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 308-309, No. 1-4, 31.10.1997, p. 448-454.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adams, D, Laursen, T, Alford, T & Mayer, JW 1997, 'Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide', Thin Solid Films, vol. 308-309, no. 1-4, pp. 448-454.
Adams D, Laursen T, Alford T, Mayer JW. Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide. Thin Solid Films. 1997 Oct 31;308-309(1-4):448-454.
Adams, Daniel ; Laursen, T. ; Alford, Terry ; Mayer, J. W. / Titanium-nitride self-encapsulation of Cu and Ag films on silicon dioxide. In: Thin Solid Films. 1997 ; Vol. 308-309, No. 1-4. pp. 448-454.
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