Titanium isotope signatures of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions from CV and CK chondrites: Implications for early Solar System reservoirs and mixing

Zachary A. Torrano, Gregory A. Brennecka, Curtis D. Williams, Stephen J. Romaniello, Vinai K. Rai, Rebekah R. Hines, Meenakshi Wadhwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) are the first solids to form in the early Solar System, and they exhibit nucleosynthetic anomalies in many isotope systems. The overwhelming majority of isotopic data for CAIs is limited to inclusions from the CV chondrite Allende and a few other CV, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites. It is therefore important to ascertain whether previously reported values for CAIs are representative of the broader CAI-forming region and to make a more rigorous assessment of the extent and implications of isotopic heterogeneity in the early Solar System. Here, we report the mass-independent Ti isotopic compositions of a suite of 23 CAIs of diverse petrologic and geochemical types, including 11 from Allende and 12 from 7 other CV3 and CK3 chondrites; the data for CAIs from CK chondrites are the first reported measurements of Ti isotopic compositions of CAIs from this meteorite class. The resolved variation in the mass-independent Ti isotopic compositions of these CAIs indicates that the CAI-forming region of the early Solar System preserved isotopic variability. Nevertheless, the range of Ti isotopic compositions reported here for CAIs from CV and CK chondrites falls within the range observed in previously analyzed CAIs from CV, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites. This implies that CAIs from CV, CK, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites originated from a common nebular source reservoir characterized by mass-independent isotopic variability in Ti (and certain other elements). We further interpret these data to indicate that the Ti isotopic anomalies in CAIs represent the isotopic signatures of supernova components in presolar grains that were incorporated into the Solar System in an initially poorly mixed reservoir that was progressively homogenized over time. We conclude that the differing degrees of isotopic variability observed for different elements in normal CAIs are the result of distinct carrier phases and that these CAIs were likely formed towards the final stages of homogenization of the large-scale isotopic heterogeneity that initially existed in the solar nebula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-30
Number of pages18
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019
Externally publishedYes



  • CAIs
  • CK chondrites
  • CV chondrites
  • Titanium
  • early Solar System
  • isotopes
  • nucleosynthetic anomalies
  • refractory inclusions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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