The microstructure of AuNiAlTi/Al0.84In0.16N/AlN/GaN Ohmic contacts annealed from 700 to 900 °C has been determined using transmission electron microscopy and associated analytical techniques. Intermixing and phase separation of the metal contact layers was observed to degrade the surface roughness. An optimal contact performance was obtained for contacts annealed at 800 °C and was attributed to the formation of TiN contact inclusions that had penetrated through the AlInN layers into the GaN layers underneath. These TiN contact inclusions had an inverted mushroom shape with a density of ∼ 108 cm-2, and they were invariably located at the positions of mixed-type threading dislocations. These inclusion defects would act as a conduction path between the metal contacts and the two-dimensional electron gas of heterojunction field-effect transistor devices. The AlInN layer remained intact in dislocation-free areas of all samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)