A new calibration technique of liquid crystal thermometry has been introduced to the quantitative measurement of temperature in a thermal fluid and applied to the study of turbulent thermal convection. The present calibration technique improves the accuracy of temperature measurement in comparison with the classical calibration technique with hue. Three-dimensional temperature measurement of turbulent thermal convection over a horizontal smooth surface is carried out at a flux Rayleigh number of 3×109 by scanning a light sheet normal to the image plane and capturing a number of sequential visualized images. The spatial temperature distributions of thermal plumes over a horizontal surface are demonstrated by the reconstruction of isothermal contour surfaces and various cross-sectional views of the plumes. These results indicate the presence of a polygonal cell structure close to the surface and the generation of plumes at the intersections of high-temperature lines.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering