Three Dimensional (3D) Microstructural Characterization and Quantitative Analysis of Solidified Microstructures in Magnesium-Based Alloys

M. Y. Wang, J. J. Williams, L. Jiang, F. De Carlo, T. Jing, Nikhilesh Chawla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Magnesium alloys have the attractive combination of lightweight and strength. An understanding of solidification microstructures in these materials is important. An accurate means of quantifying microstructure in 3D is extremely important. In this study, we have used serial polishing and synchrotron-based x-ray tomography technique as a means of 3D characterization of the solidified microstructures of magnesium-based alloys. These models were also used to conduct quantitative analysis in 3D. The phase fraction and morphologies of intermetallics and α-Mg matrix phase were obtained. The phase fractions of β-Mg17Al12 and Al-Mn intermetallics are consistent with measurements in the literature and calculations based on the Scheil-Gulliver solidification model. Our 3D reconstructions also show that the dendrite morphology has sixfold symmetry. The results of 3D microstructural characterization and analysis will enable a comprehensive understanding of solidification variables, microstructure, and properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalMetallography, Microstructure, and Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012



  • Magnesium alloys
  • Serial sectioning
  • Solidification
  • Synchrotron-based x-ray tomography
  • Three-dimensional characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys

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