Three days monitoring of activities of daily living among young healthy adults and parkinson’s disease patients

Seong Hyun Moon, Rahul Soangra, Christopher W. Frames, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the substantia nigra, which leads to more than half of PD patients are considered to be at high risk of falling. Recently, Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensors have shown great promise in the classification of activities of daily living (ADL) such as walking, standing, sitting, and laying down, considered to be normal movement in daily life. Measuring physical activity level from longitudinal ADL monitoring among PD patients could provide insights into their fall mechanisms. In this study, six PD patients (mean age=74.3±6.5 years) and six young healthy subjects (mean age=19.7±2.7 years) were recruited. All the subjects were asked to wear the single accelerometer, DynaPort MM+ (Motion Monitor+, McRoberts BV, The Hague, Netherlands), with a sampling frequency of 100 Hz located at the L5-S1 spinal area for 3 days. Subjects maintained a log of activities they performed and only removed the sensor while showering or performing other aquatic activities. The resultant acceleration was filtered using high and low pass Butterworth filters to determine dynamic and stationary activities. As a result, it was found that healthy young subjects performed significantly more dynamic activities (13.2%) when compared to PD subjects (7%), in contrast, PD subjects (92.9%) had significantly more stationary activities than young healthy subjects (86.8%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical Sciences Instrumentation
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Activity of Daily Living (ADL)
  • Dynamic activity
  • Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)
  • Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
  • Physical Activity Level
  • Stationary activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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