Threat Appraisals and Coping Responses to Stressors: Links to Chinese Children’s Behavioral Problems and Social Competence

Sara Chung, Qing Zhou, Nancy Eisenberg, Sharlene Wolchik

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Given the increasing societal concerns about youth’s mental health problems in the context of rapid sociocultural changes in urban China, studying the links of appraisals and coping to Chinese children’s adjustment can inform cultural adaptations of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions for this population. In a school-based sample of 591 Chinese preadolescent children (53.6% girls, (Formula presented.) age = 11.6 years, in fifth and sixth grades) in Beijing, we tested the concurrent relations between (a) children’s self-reported threat appraisals of stressors and use of coping strategies (active, avoidant, distraction, and support seeking), and (b) three domains of adjustment (externalizing and internalizing problems, and social competence) rated by parents, teachers, and children. Structural equation modeling revealed that controlling for stressors and family demographics, threat appraisals and avoidant coping were positively associated with internalizing problems. Active coping was negatively associated with externalizing problems and positively associated with social competence, and support seeking coping was negatively associated with internalizing problems. Gender did not moderate threat/coping-adjustment associations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)280-305
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
    Volume39
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

    Fingerprint

    Social Adjustment
    social competence
    coping
    threat
    Cognitive Therapy
    Social Support
    China
    Mental Health
    Parents
    Demography
    sociocultural development
    Population
    Social Skills
    Problem Behavior
    social support
    parents
    school grade
    mental health
    gender
    teacher

    Keywords

    • appraisals
    • Chinese preadolescents
    • coping
    • psychosocial adjustment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Life-span and Life-course Studies

    Cite this

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    AU - Zhou, Qing

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