Threat Appraisals and Coping Responses to Stressors

Links to Chinese Children’s Behavioral Problems and Social Competence

Sara Chung, Qing Zhou, Nancy Eisenberg, Sharlene Wolchik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Given the increasing societal concerns about youth’s mental health problems in the context of rapid sociocultural changes in urban China, studying the links of appraisals and coping to Chinese children’s adjustment can inform cultural adaptations of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions for this population. In a school-based sample of 591 Chinese preadolescent children (53.6% girls, (Formula presented.) age = 11.6 years, in fifth and sixth grades) in Beijing, we tested the concurrent relations between (a) children’s self-reported threat appraisals of stressors and use of coping strategies (active, avoidant, distraction, and support seeking), and (b) three domains of adjustment (externalizing and internalizing problems, and social competence) rated by parents, teachers, and children. Structural equation modeling revealed that controlling for stressors and family demographics, threat appraisals and avoidant coping were positively associated with internalizing problems. Active coping was negatively associated with externalizing problems and positively associated with social competence, and support seeking coping was negatively associated with internalizing problems. Gender did not moderate threat/coping-adjustment associations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-305
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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Social Adjustment
social competence
coping
threat
Cognitive Therapy
Social Support
China
Mental Health
Parents
Demography
sociocultural development
Population
Social Skills
Problem Behavior
social support
parents
school grade
mental health
gender
teacher

Keywords

  • appraisals
  • Chinese preadolescents
  • coping
  • psychosocial adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

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