Thought self‐leadership: The influence of self‐talk and mental imagery on performance

Christopher Neck, Charles C. Manz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Self‐leadership theory can be described as the ‘process of influencing oneself ’as opposed to the influence of leaders over followers (Manz, 1983, 1986). We focus on and develop a model for a particular aspect of self‐leadership — thought self‐leadership — emphasizing two primary elements, self‐talk and mental imagery. The major thrust of this model is that employees can influence or lead themselves by utilizing specific cognitive strategies that focus on individual self‐dialogue and mental imagery. It is proposed that constructive thought management through the effective application of cognitive strategies can lead to enhanced individual and organizational performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-699
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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