Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: Enthalpies of formation of uranyl oxide hydrates

Karrie Ann Kubatko, Katheryn Helean, Alexandra Navrotsky, Peter C. Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The enthalpies of formation of seven uranyl oxide hydrate phases and one uranate have been determined using high-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry: [(UO2)4O(OH)6] (H2O)5, metaschoepite; β-UO2 (OH)2; CaUO4; Ca(UO2)6 O4(OH)6(H2O)8, becquerelite; Ca(UO2)4O3(OH)4 (H2O)2; Na(UO2)O(OH), clarkeite; Na2(UO2)6O4 (OH)6(H2O)7, the sodium analogue of compreignacite, and Pb3(UO2)8 O8(OH)6(H2O)2, curite. The enthalpy of formation from the binary oxides, ΔHf-ox, at 298 K was calculated for each compound from the respective drop solution enthalpy, ΔHds. The standard enthalpies of formation from the elements, ΔHfo, at 298 K are -1791.0±3.2, -1536.2±2.8, -2002.0± 3.2, -11389.2±13.5, -6653.1±13.8, -1724.7±5.1, -10936.4± 14.5, and -13163.2±34.4 kJ/mol, respectively. These values are useful in exploring the stability of uranyl oxide hydrates in auxiliary chemical systems, such as those expected in U-contaminated environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-666
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Becquerelite
  • Calorimetry
  • Compreignacite
  • Curite
  • Enthalpy
  • Metaschoepite
  • Uranium
  • Uranyl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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