Thermodynamics of NiAl 2O 4-NiFe 2O 4 spinel solid solutions

K. I. Lilova, K. Shih, C. W. Pao, J. F. Lee, A. Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

NiAl 2O 4, NiFe 2O 4, and their solid solution Ni(Fe zAl 1-z) 2O 4 have been studied using high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry in molten 2PbO·B 2O 3 at 973 K. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy investigation of the cation distribution showed that the Ni fraction in octahedral sites increases with increasing iron content. Despite the zero heat of mixing, the solid solution is not thermodynamically ideal in the sense of Raoult's law. The entropies of mixing are similar to those for a solid solution of two inverse spinels and the activities are approximated as the square of the mole fractions. The stability of the solid solutions relative to oxide components (NiO, Al 2O 3, Fe 2O 3) increases with increasing iron content. The solid solution is a suitable waste form for nickel from industrial processing with higher iron content potentially beneficial to its stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-430
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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