Thermodynamic properties and hydrogen speciation from vibrational spectra of dense hydrous magnesium silicates

H. Cynn, A. M. Hofmeister, P. C. Burnley, A. Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infrared absorption measurements were taken from 100 to 5000 cm-1 of a natural chondrodite and three dense hydrous magnesium silicates: phase A, phase B, and superhydrous phase B (shy-B). Raman spectra were also acquired from phase B and the chondrodite. Roughly half of the lattice modes are represented and our data are the first report of the low frequency modes. Comparison of our new spectra to symmetry analyses suggests that multiple sites for hydrogen exist for all the phases. The shy-B we examined crystallizes in P21nm with two OH sites. Models for the density of states are constructed based on band assignments for the lattice modes and for the OH stretching vibrations. Heat capacity Cp and entropy S calculated using Kieffer's formulation should be accurate within 3% from 200 to 800 K. Model values for Cp at 298 K are 299.6 J/mol-K for chondrodite, 421.5 J/mol-K for phase A, 529.4 J/mol-K for shy-B, and 618.9 J/mol-K for phase B. Model values for S0298 are 234.2 J/mol-K for chondrodite, 303.5 J/ mol-K for phase A, 377.9 J/mol-K for shy-B, and 473.3 J/mol-K for phase B. Debye temperatures are near 1000 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-376
Number of pages16
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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