Thermochemistry of Rare Earth Perovskites

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rare earth (RE) mineral loparite with the chemical composition (RE, Na, Sr, Ca)(Ti, Nb, Ta, Fe+3)O3 is the principal ore of the light rare earth elements (LREE) as well as niobium and tantalum. The enthalpies of formation of RE0.67-xNa3xTiO3 (RE = La, Ce) and Ca1-2xNaxLaxTiO3 from oxides and elements of lanthanum and cerium perovskites and their solid solutions have been obtained using high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. RE0.67-xNa3xTiO3 (RE = La, Ce) perovskites become more stable relative to oxide components as sodium content increases. Na0.5Ce0.5TiO3 and Na0.5La0.5TiO3 can be considered stable endmembers in natural loparite minerals. For perovskite solid solutions Ca1-2xNaxLaxTiO3, the enthalpies of formation from the constituent oxides become more exothermic with increasing Na+La content, suggesting a stabilizing effect of the substitution 2Ca2+ → Na+ + La3+ on the perovskite structure. The trend of increasing thermodynamic stability with decreasing structural distortion is similar to that seen in many other ABO3 perovskites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2695-2700
Number of pages6
JournalMRS Advances
Volume1
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • calorimetry
  • chemical substitution
  • crystallographic structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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