Thermochemistry of microporous silicotitanate phases in the Na2O-Cs2O-SiO2-TiO2-H2O system

Hongwu Xu, Alexandra Navrotsky, May D. Nyman, Tina M. Nenoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microporous silicotitanates can potentially be used as ion exchangers for removal of Cs+ from radioactive waste solutions. The enthalpies of formation from constituent oxides for two series of silicotitanates at 298 K have been determined by drop-solution calorimetry into molten 2PbO · B2O3 at 974 K: the (Na1-xCsx)3Ti4Si3O15(OH) · nH2O (n = 4 to 5) phases with a cubic structure (P4̄3m), and the (Na1-xCsx)3Ti4Si2O13(OH) · nH2O (n = 4 to 5) phases with a tetragonal structure (P42/mcm). The enthalpies of formation from the oxides for the cubic series become more exothermic as Cs/(Na + Cs) increases, whereas those for the tetragonal series become less exothermic. This result indicates that the incorporation of Cs in the cubic phase is somewhat thermodynamically favorable, whereas that in the tetragonal phase is thermodynamically unfavorable and kinetically driven. In addition, the cubic phases are more stable than the corresponding tetragonal phases with the same Cs/Na ratios. These disparities in the energetic behavior between the two series are attributed to their differences in both local bonding configuration and degree of hydration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-823
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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