Thermochemistry of lanthana- and yttria-doped thoria

Michael Aizenshtein, Tatiana Y. Shvareva, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lanthanide-doped thoria is relevant both to nuclear energy and to solid oxide fuel cell technology. It is also a simple model system in which oxygen vacancy concentration is directly proportional to doping with no complication from oxidation-reduction reactions, ordered phases, or phase transitions in the tetravalent oxide. Despite this relevance, only few thermodynamic data are available for such systems. In the present study, LaxTh 1-xO2-0.5x (0<x<0.50) and YxTh 1-xO2-0.5x (0<x<0.18) have been synthesized, characterized, and systematically studied for the first time using high-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. Two competing effects contribute to the energetics: endothermic deviation from ideality related to cation size difference and partial stabilization of the system due to the exothermic formation of defect clusters. The former can be described by endothermic regular solution interaction parameters of 119.3 ± 11.4 kJ/mol for the yttria system and 27.8 ± 4.1 kJ/mol for the lanthana system. The latter can be described by exothermic vacancy clustering or defect association energies of -116.3 ± 23.3 kJ/mol for yttria-doped thoria and -98.6 ± 19.7 kJ/mol for lanthana-doped thoria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4142-4147
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume93
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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