Thermochemistry of glasses along joins of pyroxene stoichiometry in the system Ca2Si2O6-Mg2Si2O6-Al4O6

Richard Hervig, Derry Scott, Alexandra Navrotsky

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Abstract

Enthalpies of solution in 2PbO · B2O3 at 974 K have been measured for glasses along the joins Ca2Si2O6 (Wo)-Mg2Si2O6 (En) and Mg2Si2O6-MgAl2SiO6 (MgTs). Heats of mixing are symmetric and negative for Wo-En with WH = -31.0 ± 3.6 kJ mol-. Negative heats of mixing were also found for the En-MgTs glasses (WH = -33.4 ± 3.7 kJ mol-). Enthalpies of vitrification of pyroxenes and pyroxenoids generally increase with decreasing alumina content and with decreasing basicity of the divalent cation. Heats of mixing along several glassy joins show systematic trends. When only non-tetrahedral cations mix (outside the aluminosilicate framework), small exothermic heats of mixing are seen. When both nontetrahedral and framework cations mix (on separate sublattices, presumably), the enthalpies of mixing are substantially more negative. Maximum enthalpy stabilization near compositions with Al/Si ≈ 1 is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1501
Number of pages5
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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thermochemistry
Thermochemistry
stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
pyroxene
enthalpy
glass
Enthalpy
Glass
cation
Cations
vitrification
Vitrification
Aluminum Oxide
Divalent Cations
aluminosilicate
Alkalinity
aluminum oxide
stabilization
Stabilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Thermochemistry of glasses along joins of pyroxene stoichiometry in the system Ca2Si2O6-Mg2Si2O6-Al4O6 . / Hervig, Richard; Scott, Derry; Navrotsky, Alexandra.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 49, No. 7, 1985, p. 1497-1501.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Enthalpies of solution in 2PbO · B2O3 at 974 K have been measured for glasses along the joins Ca2Si2O6 (Wo)-Mg2Si2O6 (En) and Mg2Si2O6-MgAl2SiO6 (MgTs). Heats of mixing are symmetric and negative for Wo-En with WH = -31.0 ± 3.6 kJ mol-. Negative heats of mixing were also found for the En-MgTs glasses (WH = -33.4 ± 3.7 kJ mol-). Enthalpies of vitrification of pyroxenes and pyroxenoids generally increase with decreasing alumina content and with decreasing basicity of the divalent cation. Heats of mixing along several glassy joins show systematic trends. When only non-tetrahedral cations mix (outside the aluminosilicate framework), small exothermic heats of mixing are seen. When both nontetrahedral and framework cations mix (on separate sublattices, presumably), the enthalpies of mixing are substantially more negative. Maximum enthalpy stabilization near compositions with Al/Si ≈ 1 is suggested.",
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