Thermochemistry and aqueous durability of ternary glass forming Ba-titanosilicates: Fresnoite (Ba2TiSi2O8) and Ba-titanite (BaTiSiO5)

Tae Jin Park, Mark J. Davis, Paula Vullo, Tina M. Nenoff, James L. Krumhansl, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Barium titanosilicates are possible oxide forms for the immobilization of short-lived fission products in radioactive waste. Ba2TiSi 2O8 (fresnoite) and BaTiSiO5 (Ba-titanite) samples were prepared by a solid-state synthesis. The enthalpies of formation of Ba2TiSi2O8 crystal and glass at 25°C and of BaTiSiO5 glass were obtained from drop solution calorimetry in a molten lead borate (2PbO-B2O3) solvent at 701°C. The enthalpy of formation for fresnoite composition samples from constituent oxides was exothermic and became more exothermic with increasing crystallinity. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed that the crystallization rate of the fresnoite glasses increased with increasing devitrification. A modified Product Consistency Test-Procedure B (PCT-B) was used to collect solubility data on the fresnoite and titanate phases. The tests suggest that both glassy and crystalline fresnoite exhibit favorable aqueous stability and should be explored further as radioactive waste forms for long-term storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2053-2058
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume92
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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