Thermochemical investigation of lithium borate glasses and crystals

Lili Wu, Anastasia Koryttseva, Christoph B.M. Groß, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lithium borate (LB) glasses and crystals with x = Li/(Li + B) = mole fraction of Li2O of 0.2–0.5 have been synthesized by the quenching method. The thermodynamics of these materials were analyzed by high-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. The formation enthalpies from oxides of glasses range from −33.6 to −67.3 kJ/mol and those of crystals range from −42.1 to −77.4 kJ/mol, where compositions are given on the basis of one mole of (Li2O + B2O3). The formation enthalpies of both glasses and crystals become more negative with increasing Li2O mole fraction up to 0.5. The enthalpies of formation of glasses can be fit over the entire composition range (0 < x < 1) by a quadratic polynomial). The vitrification enthalpies were derived for x = 0.2 to 0.5 and ranged from 8.5 to 17.6 kJ/mol. The main factors controlling energetics are the strongly exothermic acid–base reaction between the network former (B2O3) and the network modifier (Li2O) and the formation of tetrahedrally coordinated boron in the glasses and crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4538-4545
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume102
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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