Theory of strain and electronic structure of and alloys

Wolfgang Windl, Otto F. Sankey, Jose Menendez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


We examine the strain-composition relation and band gap/deep-level properties of (Formula presented) alloys using a local-orbital density-functional scheme. For purely substitutional carbon, a strong nonlinearity in the dependence of the bulk-alloy lattice constant on the concentration is found. In the linear regime of small carbon concentrations, this leads to a much more rapid decrease of the lattice constant with carbon concentration than predicted by Vegard’s law. A comparison of our dependence of the lattice constants in (Formula presented) and (Formula presented) alloys on the concentrations suggests a germanium-carbon strain compensation ratio of (Formula presented):1. This ratio is found to decrease when interstitial carbon is present. These results are compared with recent experiments, where the strain as well as the fraction of interstitial carbon have been measured. We also examine the band structure of (Formula presented) alloys in the technically interesting concentration range of a few percent carbon. We find that the carbon-induced states are highly localized, and can form a deep level in the band gap of silicon. We show that these findings are an important step toward an understanding of recent experimental photoluminescence spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2431-2442
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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