Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity: Forging a transdisciplinary paradigm

Abby C. King, Dan Stokols, Emily Talen, Glenn S. Brassington, Richard Killingsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

257 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Research in the physical activity promotion arena has focused on the application of theoretical perspectives aimed primarily at personal levels of understanding and analysis. The investigation of such theories has provided some insights related to potentially useful mediators of physical activity behavior. However, to continue to expand this field, new perspectives on personal-level theories, in addition to the exploration of more macro-level conceptual perspectives, are required. Objective: The purpose of this article is to: (1) briefly review the current strengths and limitations of the personal-level, physical activity-theory literature; and (2) introduce concepts and perspectives from other fields, including the social-ecology and urban-planning fields, of potential relevance to the physical activity arena. Method: We provide an overview of potentially relevant theoretical perspectives aimed at different levels of understanding and analysis, from the personal level through the broader-scale meso- and macro-environmental perspectives. In addition, we suggest initial steps to take in developing a transdisciplinary paradigm encompassing all such levels of analysis and investigation. Conclusions: Given the scope of the physical inactivity epidemic facing the U.S. population currently and in the future, methods and approaches that integrate theory and concepts across a broader group of disciplines will be increasingly necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-25
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume23
Issue number2 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

City Planning
Social Environment
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Exercise
  • Physical fitness
  • Research design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity : Forging a transdisciplinary paradigm. / King, Abby C.; Stokols, Dan; Talen, Emily; Brassington, Glenn S.; Killingsworth, Richard.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 2 SUPPL. 1, 2002, p. 15-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

King, Abby C. ; Stokols, Dan ; Talen, Emily ; Brassington, Glenn S. ; Killingsworth, Richard. / Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity : Forging a transdisciplinary paradigm. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002 ; Vol. 23, No. 2 SUPPL. 1. pp. 15-25.
@article{45d23b59c0ef47c08b7135937fb4e788,
title = "Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity: Forging a transdisciplinary paradigm",
abstract = "Background: Research in the physical activity promotion arena has focused on the application of theoretical perspectives aimed primarily at personal levels of understanding and analysis. The investigation of such theories has provided some insights related to potentially useful mediators of physical activity behavior. However, to continue to expand this field, new perspectives on personal-level theories, in addition to the exploration of more macro-level conceptual perspectives, are required. Objective: The purpose of this article is to: (1) briefly review the current strengths and limitations of the personal-level, physical activity-theory literature; and (2) introduce concepts and perspectives from other fields, including the social-ecology and urban-planning fields, of potential relevance to the physical activity arena. Method: We provide an overview of potentially relevant theoretical perspectives aimed at different levels of understanding and analysis, from the personal level through the broader-scale meso- and macro-environmental perspectives. In addition, we suggest initial steps to take in developing a transdisciplinary paradigm encompassing all such levels of analysis and investigation. Conclusions: Given the scope of the physical inactivity epidemic facing the U.S. population currently and in the future, methods and approaches that integrate theory and concepts across a broader group of disciplines will be increasingly necessary.",
keywords = "Behavior, Exercise, Physical fitness, Research design",
author = "King, {Abby C.} and Dan Stokols and Emily Talen and Brassington, {Glenn S.} and Richard Killingsworth",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00470-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "15--25",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2 SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity

T2 - Forging a transdisciplinary paradigm

AU - King, Abby C.

AU - Stokols, Dan

AU - Talen, Emily

AU - Brassington, Glenn S.

AU - Killingsworth, Richard

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Background: Research in the physical activity promotion arena has focused on the application of theoretical perspectives aimed primarily at personal levels of understanding and analysis. The investigation of such theories has provided some insights related to potentially useful mediators of physical activity behavior. However, to continue to expand this field, new perspectives on personal-level theories, in addition to the exploration of more macro-level conceptual perspectives, are required. Objective: The purpose of this article is to: (1) briefly review the current strengths and limitations of the personal-level, physical activity-theory literature; and (2) introduce concepts and perspectives from other fields, including the social-ecology and urban-planning fields, of potential relevance to the physical activity arena. Method: We provide an overview of potentially relevant theoretical perspectives aimed at different levels of understanding and analysis, from the personal level through the broader-scale meso- and macro-environmental perspectives. In addition, we suggest initial steps to take in developing a transdisciplinary paradigm encompassing all such levels of analysis and investigation. Conclusions: Given the scope of the physical inactivity epidemic facing the U.S. population currently and in the future, methods and approaches that integrate theory and concepts across a broader group of disciplines will be increasingly necessary.

AB - Background: Research in the physical activity promotion arena has focused on the application of theoretical perspectives aimed primarily at personal levels of understanding and analysis. The investigation of such theories has provided some insights related to potentially useful mediators of physical activity behavior. However, to continue to expand this field, new perspectives on personal-level theories, in addition to the exploration of more macro-level conceptual perspectives, are required. Objective: The purpose of this article is to: (1) briefly review the current strengths and limitations of the personal-level, physical activity-theory literature; and (2) introduce concepts and perspectives from other fields, including the social-ecology and urban-planning fields, of potential relevance to the physical activity arena. Method: We provide an overview of potentially relevant theoretical perspectives aimed at different levels of understanding and analysis, from the personal level through the broader-scale meso- and macro-environmental perspectives. In addition, we suggest initial steps to take in developing a transdisciplinary paradigm encompassing all such levels of analysis and investigation. Conclusions: Given the scope of the physical inactivity epidemic facing the U.S. population currently and in the future, methods and approaches that integrate theory and concepts across a broader group of disciplines will be increasingly necessary.

KW - Behavior

KW - Exercise

KW - Physical fitness

KW - Research design

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036328194&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036328194&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00470-1

DO - 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00470-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 12133734

AN - SCOPUS:0036328194

VL - 23

SP - 15

EP - 25

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 2 SUPPL. 1

ER -