Theoretical and numerical study of lamellar eutectoid growth influenced by volume diffusion

Kumar Ankit, Abhik Choudhury, Cheng Qin, Sebastian Schulz, Malte McDaniel, Britta Nestler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We investigate the lamellar growth of pearlite at the expense of austenite during the eutectoid transformation in steel. To begin with, we extend the Jackson-Hunt-type calculation (previously used to analyze eutectic transformation) to eutectoid transformation by accounting for diffusion in all the phases. Our principal finding is that the growth rates in the presence of diffusion in all the phases are different compared to the case when diffusion in growing phases is absent. The difference in the dynamics is described by a factor 'ρ' which comprises the ratio of the diffusivities of the bulk and the growing phases, along with the ratios of the slopes of the phase coexistence lines. Thereafter, we perform phase-field simulations, the results of which are in agreement with analytical predictions. The phase-field simulations also reveal that diffusion in austenite as well as ferrite leads to the formation of tapered cementite along with an overall increase in the transformation kinetics as compared to diffusion in austenite (only). Finally, it is worth noting that the aim of present work is not to consider the pearlitic transformation in totality; rather it is to isolate and thereby investigate the influence of diffusivity in the growing phases on the front velocity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4245-4253
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Coupled-growth
  • Jackson-Hunt analysis
  • Pearlite
  • Phase-field method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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