The writing performance of elementary students receiving strategic and interactive writing instruction

Kimberly A. Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Stephen Graham, David Cihak, Jennifer R. Kilpatrick, Saulsburry Rachel Saulsburry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) has led to improved writing and language outcomes among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) middle grades students. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SIWI on the written expression of DHH elementary students across recount/personal narrative, information report, and persuasive genres. Five multiple-probe case studies demonstrate a relationship between implementation of SIWI and improvements in genrerelated writing performance. The effect of instruction was most immediately demonstrated with information reports and persuasive writing, whereas several sessions of recount instruction were needed for students to satisfy performance criteria. Additionally, pre- and post-data from a larger group of students (N = 31) were compared. Wilcoxon signed-rank test statistics were statistically significant for each genre with medium to high effect sizes. Data suggest SIWI as a promising practice with elementary students, and comments regarding further development and research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-398
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Speech and Hearing

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