The White Privilege Attitudes Scale

Development and Initial Validation

E. Janie Pinterits, V. Paul Poteat, Lisa Spanierman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the authors describe 3 interrelated investigations among White undergraduate and graduate students that document the development and initial validation of the White Privilege Attitudes Scale (WPAS). The WPAS assesses the multidimensional nature of White privilege attitudes, reflecting affective, cognitive, and behavioral dimensions. In Study 1 (n = 250), exploratory factor analysis suggested a 28-item scale with 4 factors as follows: (a) Willingness to Confront White Privilege, (b) Anticipated Costs of Addressing White Privilege, (c) White Privilege Awareness, and (d) White Privilege Remorse. In Study 2 (n = 251), confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 4-factor model was a better fit of the data compared with competing models. The authors also found support for convergent validity between scores on the WPAS factors and theoretically related measures. Study 3 (n = 40) documented test-retest reliability of each of the WPAS factors and nonsignificant associations with socially desirable responding. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-429
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Statistical Factor Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Students
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • race relations
  • racism
  • scale construction
  • white privilege
  • Whites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The White Privilege Attitudes Scale : Development and Initial Validation. / Pinterits, E. Janie; Poteat, V. Paul; Spanierman, Lisa.

In: Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 3, 07.2009, p. 417-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pinterits, E. Janie ; Poteat, V. Paul ; Spanierman, Lisa. / The White Privilege Attitudes Scale : Development and Initial Validation. In: Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 417-429.
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