The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion

David Becker, Rebecca Neel, Narayanan Srinivasan, Samantha Neufeld, Devpriya Kumar, Shannon Fouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid identification of facial expressions can profoundly affect social interactions, yet most research to date has focused on static rather than dynamic expressions. In four experiments, we show that when a non-expressive face becomes expressive, happiness is detected more rapidly anger. When the change occurs peripheral to the focus of attention, however, dynamic anger is better detected when it appears in the left visual field (LVF), whereas dynamic happiness is better detected in the right visual field (RVF), consistent with hemispheric differences in the processing of approach- and avoidance-relevant stimuli. The central advantage for happiness is nevertheless the more robust effect, persisting even when information of either high or low spatial frequency is eliminated. Indeed, a survey of past research on the visual search for emotional expressions finds better support for a happiness detection advantage, and the explanation may lie in the coevolution of the signal and the receiver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere26551
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2012

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Happiness
emotions
Emotions
Display devices
Anger
Visual Fields
coevolution
Facial Expression
Interpersonal Relations
Research
Processing
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Becker, D., Neel, R., Srinivasan, N., Neufeld, S., Kumar, D., & Fouse, S. (2012). The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion. PLoS One, 7(1), [e26551]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026551

The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion. / Becker, David; Neel, Rebecca; Srinivasan, Narayanan; Neufeld, Samantha; Kumar, Devpriya; Fouse, Shannon.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 1, e26551, 11.01.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Becker, D, Neel, R, Srinivasan, N, Neufeld, S, Kumar, D & Fouse, S 2012, 'The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion', PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 1, e26551. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026551
Becker D, Neel R, Srinivasan N, Neufeld S, Kumar D, Fouse S. The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion. PLoS One. 2012 Jan 11;7(1). e26551. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026551
Becker, David ; Neel, Rebecca ; Srinivasan, Narayanan ; Neufeld, Samantha ; Kumar, Devpriya ; Fouse, Shannon. / The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotion. In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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