The varieties of religious development in adulthood

A longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice

Michael E. McCullough, Sharon L. Brion, Craig K. Enders, Andrea R. Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors used growth mixture models to study religious development during adulthood (ages 27-80) in a sample of individuals who were identified during childhood as intellectually gifted. The authors identified 3 discrete trajectories of religious development: (a) 40% of participants belonged to a trajectory class characterized by increases in religiousness until midlife and declines in later adulthood; (b) 41% of participants belonged to a trajectory class characterized by very low religiousness in early adulthood and age-related decline; and (c) 19% of participants belonged to a trajectory class characterized by high religiousness in early adulthood and age-related increases. Gender, strength of religious upbringing, number of children, marrying, and agreeableness predicted membership in the trajectory classes. Results were largely consistent with the rational choice theory of religious involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-89
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Religion
adulthood
religious behavior
Growth
religious upbringing
rational choice theory
number of children
childhood
gender

Keywords

  • Development
  • Growth mixture models
  • Longitudinal
  • Religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The varieties of religious development in adulthood : A longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice. / McCullough, Michael E.; Brion, Sharon L.; Enders, Craig K.; Jain, Andrea R.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 89, No. 1, 07.2005, p. 78-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCullough, Michael E. ; Brion, Sharon L. ; Enders, Craig K. ; Jain, Andrea R. / The varieties of religious development in adulthood : A longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 89, No. 1. pp. 78-89.
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