The varied lives of organisms: Variation in the historiography of the biological sciences

Gerald L. Geison, Manfred D. Laubichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper emphasizes the crucial role of variation, at several different levels, for a detailed historical understanding of the development of the biomedical sciences. Going beyond valuable recent studies that focus on model organisms, experimental systems and instruments, we argue that all of these categories can be accommodated within our approach, which pays special attention to organismal and cultural variation. Our empirical examples are drawn in particular from recent historical studies of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century genetics and physiology. Based on the quasi-paradoxical conclusion that biological and cultural variation both constrains and enables innovation in the biomedical sciences, we argue that more attention should be paid to variation as an analytical category in the historiography of the life sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalStudies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C :Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Local traditions
  • Model organisms
  • National styles
  • Scientific method
  • Variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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