The Validity of the Handwriting Scale From the Test of Written Language

Stephen Graham, Kathy Boyer-Shick, Elizabeth Tippets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the validity of using the Handwriting Scale from the Test of Written Language (Ham-mill & Larsen, 1983) to measure the general legibility of learning disabled students’ writing. The use of the scale with the learning disabled students was supported: Elements considered central to effective handwriting combined to account for approximately two thirds of the variance in learning disabled students’ scores on the scale, and three elements (letter formation, spacing, and neatness) contributed significantly in the prediction of scores. The study also provided a much-needed description of learning disabled students’ handwriting. As a group, the legibility of the writing of the learning disabled students was generally poor, and they received low scores on all elements except slant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Educational Research
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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