The Unique and Shared Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Fear, Anger, and Sadness in Childhood

Sierra Clifford, Kathryn Lemery, H. Hill Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the extent to which subordinate dimensions of negative emotionality were genetically and environmentally distinct in a sample of 1,316 twins (51% female, 85.8% Caucasian, primarily middle class, M<inf>age</inf> = 7.87 years, SD = .93), recruited from Wisconsin hospital birth records between 1989 and 2004. Cholesky, independent pathway, and common pathway models were fitted for mother report, father report, and in-home observation of temperament. Although findings support the use of negative emotionality, there were heritable aspects of anger and fear not explained by a common genetic factor, and shared environmental influences common to anger and sadness but not fear. Observed fear was independent from observed anger and sadness. Distinctions support specificity in measurement when considering implications for child development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1538-1556
Number of pages19
JournalChild Development
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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Anger
anger
Fear
emotionality
childhood
anxiety
Birth Certificates
Temperament
heredity
Hospital Records
Child Development
Caucasian
Fathers
middle class
father
Mothers
Observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education

Cite this

The Unique and Shared Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Fear, Anger, and Sadness in Childhood. / Clifford, Sierra; Lemery, Kathryn; Goldsmith, H. Hill.

In: Child Development, Vol. 86, No. 5, 01.09.2015, p. 1538-1556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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