The ubiquitous zonal jets in the atmospheres of giant planets and Earth's oceans

Boris Galperin, Hideyuki Nakano, Huei-Ping Huang, Semion Sukoriansky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent eddy-permitting simulations of the North Pacific Ocean have revealed robust patterns of multiple zonal jets that visually resemble the zonal jets on giant planets. We argue that this resemblance is more than just visual because the energy spectrum of the oceanic jets obeys a power law that fits spectra of zonal flows on the outer planets. Remarkably, even the non-dimensional proportionality coefficient, CZ, determined by data under that spectral law, appears to be constant for all cases and approximately equal to 0.5. These results indicate that the multiple jet sets in the ocean and in the atmospheres of giant planets are governed by the same dynamics characterized by an anisotropic inverse energy cascade, i.e., the flow of energy from isotropic small-scale eddies to anisotropic large-scales structures, as well as the unique anisotropic spectrum. Implications of these results for climate research and future designs of observational missions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume31
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2004
Externally publishedYes

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planets
oceans
planet
atmospheres
atmosphere
ocean
eddy
vortices
energy
zonal flow
Pacific Ocean
climate
cascades
power law
energy spectra
coefficients
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The ubiquitous zonal jets in the atmospheres of giant planets and Earth's oceans. / Galperin, Boris; Nakano, Hideyuki; Huang, Huei-Ping; Sukoriansky, Semion.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, No. 13, 16.07.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Galperin, Boris ; Nakano, Hideyuki ; Huang, Huei-Ping ; Sukoriansky, Semion. / The ubiquitous zonal jets in the atmospheres of giant planets and Earth's oceans. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2004 ; Vol. 31, No. 13.
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