The Tsimane Health and Life History Project

Integrating anthropology and biomedicine

Michael Gurven, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin Trumble, Aaron D. Blackwell, Bret Beheim, Helen Davis, Paul Hooper, Hillard Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Tsimane Health and Life History Project, an integrated bio-behavioral study of the human life course, is designed to test competing hypotheses of human life-history evolution. One aim is to understand the bidirectional connections between life history and social behavior in a high-fertility, kin-based context lacking amenities of modern urban life (e.g. sanitation, banks, electricity). Another aim is to understand how a high pathogen burden influences health and well-being during development and adulthood. A third aim addresses how modernization shapes human life histories and sociality. Here we outline the project's goals, history, and main findings since its inception in 2002. We reflect on the implications of current findings and highlight the need for more coordinated ethnographic and biomedical study of contemporary nonindustrial populations to address broad questions that can situate evolutionary anthropology in a key position within the social and life sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-73
Number of pages20
JournalEvolutionary Anthropology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

biomedicine
anthropology
sociality
life sciences
social behavior
health
electricity
adulthood
modernization
fertility
bank
social science
well-being
history

Keywords

  • aging
  • behavioral ecology
  • cooperation
  • evolutionary anthropology
  • evolutionary medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology

Cite this

Gurven, M., Stieglitz, J., Trumble, B., Blackwell, A. D., Beheim, B., Davis, H., ... Kaplan, H. (2017). The Tsimane Health and Life History Project: Integrating anthropology and biomedicine. Evolutionary Anthropology, 26(2), 54-73. https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21515

The Tsimane Health and Life History Project : Integrating anthropology and biomedicine. / Gurven, Michael; Stieglitz, Jonathan; Trumble, Benjamin; Blackwell, Aaron D.; Beheim, Bret; Davis, Helen; Hooper, Paul; Kaplan, Hillard.

In: Evolutionary Anthropology, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 54-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gurven, M, Stieglitz, J, Trumble, B, Blackwell, AD, Beheim, B, Davis, H, Hooper, P & Kaplan, H 2017, 'The Tsimane Health and Life History Project: Integrating anthropology and biomedicine', Evolutionary Anthropology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 54-73. https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21515
Gurven, Michael ; Stieglitz, Jonathan ; Trumble, Benjamin ; Blackwell, Aaron D. ; Beheim, Bret ; Davis, Helen ; Hooper, Paul ; Kaplan, Hillard. / The Tsimane Health and Life History Project : Integrating anthropology and biomedicine. In: Evolutionary Anthropology. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 54-73.
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