The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST

Jacob L. Bean, Kevin B. Stevenson, Natalie M. Batalha, Zachory Berta-Thompson, Laura Kreidberg, Nicolas Crouzet, Björn Benneke, Michael Line, David K. Sing, Hannah R. Wakeford, Heather A. Knutson, Eliza M.R. Kempton, Jean Michel Désert, Ian Crossfield, Natasha E. Batalha, Julien de Wit, Vivien Parmentier, Joseph Harrington, Julianne I. Moses, Mercedes Lopez-Morales & 82 others Munazza K. Alam, Jasmina Blecic, Giovanni Bruno, Aarynn L. Carter, John W. Chapman, Leen Decin, Diana Dragomir, Thomas M. Evans, Jonathan J. Fortney, Jonathan D. Fraine, Peter Gao, Antonio García Muñoz, Neale P. Gibson, Jayesh M. Goyal, Kevin Heng, Renyu Hu, Sarah Kendrew, Brian M. Kilpatrick, Jessica Krick, Pierre Olivier Lagage, Monika Lendl, Tom Louden, Nikku Madhusudhan, Avi M. Mandell, Megan Mansfield, Erin M. May, Giuseppe Morello, Caroline V. Morley, Nikolay Nikolov, Seth Redfield, Jessica E. Roberts, Everett Schlawin, Jessica J. Spake, Kamen O. Todorov, Angelos Tsiaras, Olivia Venot, William C. Waalkes, Peter J. Wheatley, Robert T. Zellem, Daniel Angerhausen, David Barrado, Ludmila Carone, Sarah L. Casewell, Patricio E. Cubillos, Mario Damiano, Miguel De Val Borro, Benjamin Drummond, Billy Edwards, Michael Endl, Nestor Espinoza, Kevin France, John E. Gizis, Thomas P. Greene, Thomas K. Henning, Yucian Hong, James G. Ingalls, Nicolas Iro, Patrick G.J. Irwin, Tiffany Kataria, Fred Lahuis, Jérémy Leconte, Jorge Lillo-Box, Stefan Lines, Joshua D. Lothringer, Luigi Mancini, Franck Marchis, Nathan Mayne, Enric Palle, Emily Rauscher, Gaël Roudier, Evgenya Shkolnik, John Southworth, Mark R. Swain, Jake Taylor, Johanna Teske, Giovanna Tinetti, Pascal Tremblin, Gregory S. Tucker, Roy Van Boekel, Ingo P. Waldmann, Ian C. Weaver, Tiziano Zingales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) presents the opportunity to transform our understanding of planets and the origins of life by revealing the atmospheric compositions, structures, and dynamics of transiting exoplanets in unprecedented detail. However, the high-precision, timeseries observations required for such investigations have unique technical challenges, and prior experience with Hubble, Spitzer, and other facilities indicates that there will be a steep learning curve when JWST becomes operational. In this paper, we describe the science objectives and detailed plans of the Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science (ERS) Program, which is a recently approved program for JWST observations early in Cycle 1. We also describe the simulations used to establish the program. The goal of this project, for which the obtained data will have no exclusive access period, is to accelerate the acquisition and diffusion of technical expertise for transiting exoplanet observations with JWST, while also providing a compelling set of representative data sets that will enable immediate scientific breakthroughs. The Transiting Exoplanet Community ERS Program will exercise the timeseries modes of all four JWST instruments that have been identified as the consensus highest priorities, observe the full suite of transiting planet characterization geometries (transits, eclipses, and phase curves), and target planets with host stars that span an illustrative range of brightnesses. The observations in this program were defined through an inclusive and transparent process that had participation from JWST instrument experts and international leaders in transiting exoplanet studies. The targets have been vetted with previous measurements, will be observable early in the mission, and have exceptional scientific merit. Community engagement in the project will be centered on a twophase Data Challenge that culminates with the delivery of planetary spectra, timeseries instrument performance reports, and open-source data analysis toolkits in time to inform the agenda for Cycle 2 of the JWST mission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114402
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume130
Issue number993
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

James Webb Space Telescope
extrasolar planets
planets
planet
learning curves
atmospheric composition
origin of life
cycles
physical exercise
eclipses
transit
programme
science
delivery
acquisition
brightness
transform
learning
geometry
stars

Keywords

  • Methods: Observational
  • Planets and satellites: Atmospheres
  • Planets and satellites: Individual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Bean, J. L., Stevenson, K. B., Batalha, N. M., Berta-Thompson, Z., Kreidberg, L., Crouzet, N., ... Zingales, T. (2018). The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 130(993), [114402]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3

The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST. / Bean, Jacob L.; Stevenson, Kevin B.; Batalha, Natalie M.; Berta-Thompson, Zachory; Kreidberg, Laura; Crouzet, Nicolas; Benneke, Björn; Line, Michael; Sing, David K.; Wakeford, Hannah R.; Knutson, Heather A.; Kempton, Eliza M.R.; Désert, Jean Michel; Crossfield, Ian; Batalha, Natasha E.; de Wit, Julien; Parmentier, Vivien; Harrington, Joseph; Moses, Julianne I.; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Alam, Munazza K.; Blecic, Jasmina; Bruno, Giovanni; Carter, Aarynn L.; Chapman, John W.; Decin, Leen; Dragomir, Diana; Evans, Thomas M.; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Fraine, Jonathan D.; Gao, Peter; Muñoz, Antonio García; Gibson, Neale P.; Goyal, Jayesh M.; Heng, Kevin; Hu, Renyu; Kendrew, Sarah; Kilpatrick, Brian M.; Krick, Jessica; Lagage, Pierre Olivier; Lendl, Monika; Louden, Tom; Madhusudhan, Nikku; Mandell, Avi M.; Mansfield, Megan; May, Erin M.; Morello, Giuseppe; Morley, Caroline V.; Nikolov, Nikolay; Redfield, Seth; Roberts, Jessica E.; Schlawin, Everett; Spake, Jessica J.; Todorov, Kamen O.; Tsiaras, Angelos; Venot, Olivia; Waalkes, William C.; Wheatley, Peter J.; Zellem, Robert T.; Angerhausen, Daniel; Barrado, David; Carone, Ludmila; Casewell, Sarah L.; Cubillos, Patricio E.; Damiano, Mario; Borro, Miguel De Val; Drummond, Benjamin; Edwards, Billy; Endl, Michael; Espinoza, Nestor; France, Kevin; Gizis, John E.; Greene, Thomas P.; Henning, Thomas K.; Hong, Yucian; Ingalls, James G.; Iro, Nicolas; Irwin, Patrick G.J.; Kataria, Tiffany; Lahuis, Fred; Leconte, Jérémy; Lillo-Box, Jorge; Lines, Stefan; Lothringer, Joshua D.; Mancini, Luigi; Marchis, Franck; Mayne, Nathan; Palle, Enric; Rauscher, Emily; Roudier, Gaël; Shkolnik, Evgenya; Southworth, John; Swain, Mark R.; Taylor, Jake; Teske, Johanna; Tinetti, Giovanna; Tremblin, Pascal; Tucker, Gregory S.; Boekel, Roy Van; Waldmann, Ingo P.; Weaver, Ian C.; Zingales, Tiziano.

In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 130, No. 993, 114402, 01.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bean, JL, Stevenson, KB, Batalha, NM, Berta-Thompson, Z, Kreidberg, L, Crouzet, N, Benneke, B, Line, M, Sing, DK, Wakeford, HR, Knutson, HA, Kempton, EMR, Désert, JM, Crossfield, I, Batalha, NE, de Wit, J, Parmentier, V, Harrington, J, Moses, JI, Lopez-Morales, M, Alam, MK, Blecic, J, Bruno, G, Carter, AL, Chapman, JW, Decin, L, Dragomir, D, Evans, TM, Fortney, JJ, Fraine, JD, Gao, P, Muñoz, AG, Gibson, NP, Goyal, JM, Heng, K, Hu, R, Kendrew, S, Kilpatrick, BM, Krick, J, Lagage, PO, Lendl, M, Louden, T, Madhusudhan, N, Mandell, AM, Mansfield, M, May, EM, Morello, G, Morley, CV, Nikolov, N, Redfield, S, Roberts, JE, Schlawin, E, Spake, JJ, Todorov, KO, Tsiaras, A, Venot, O, Waalkes, WC, Wheatley, PJ, Zellem, RT, Angerhausen, D, Barrado, D, Carone, L, Casewell, SL, Cubillos, PE, Damiano, M, Borro, MDV, Drummond, B, Edwards, B, Endl, M, Espinoza, N, France, K, Gizis, JE, Greene, TP, Henning, TK, Hong, Y, Ingalls, JG, Iro, N, Irwin, PGJ, Kataria, T, Lahuis, F, Leconte, J, Lillo-Box, J, Lines, S, Lothringer, JD, Mancini, L, Marchis, F, Mayne, N, Palle, E, Rauscher, E, Roudier, G, Shkolnik, E, Southworth, J, Swain, MR, Taylor, J, Teske, J, Tinetti, G, Tremblin, P, Tucker, GS, Boekel, RV, Waldmann, IP, Weaver, IC & Zingales, T 2018, 'The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST', Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol. 130, no. 993, 114402. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3
Bean JL, Stevenson KB, Batalha NM, Berta-Thompson Z, Kreidberg L, Crouzet N et al. The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 2018 Nov 1;130(993). 114402. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3
Bean, Jacob L. ; Stevenson, Kevin B. ; Batalha, Natalie M. ; Berta-Thompson, Zachory ; Kreidberg, Laura ; Crouzet, Nicolas ; Benneke, Björn ; Line, Michael ; Sing, David K. ; Wakeford, Hannah R. ; Knutson, Heather A. ; Kempton, Eliza M.R. ; Désert, Jean Michel ; Crossfield, Ian ; Batalha, Natasha E. ; de Wit, Julien ; Parmentier, Vivien ; Harrington, Joseph ; Moses, Julianne I. ; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes ; Alam, Munazza K. ; Blecic, Jasmina ; Bruno, Giovanni ; Carter, Aarynn L. ; Chapman, John W. ; Decin, Leen ; Dragomir, Diana ; Evans, Thomas M. ; Fortney, Jonathan J. ; Fraine, Jonathan D. ; Gao, Peter ; Muñoz, Antonio García ; Gibson, Neale P. ; Goyal, Jayesh M. ; Heng, Kevin ; Hu, Renyu ; Kendrew, Sarah ; Kilpatrick, Brian M. ; Krick, Jessica ; Lagage, Pierre Olivier ; Lendl, Monika ; Louden, Tom ; Madhusudhan, Nikku ; Mandell, Avi M. ; Mansfield, Megan ; May, Erin M. ; Morello, Giuseppe ; Morley, Caroline V. ; Nikolov, Nikolay ; Redfield, Seth ; Roberts, Jessica E. ; Schlawin, Everett ; Spake, Jessica J. ; Todorov, Kamen O. ; Tsiaras, Angelos ; Venot, Olivia ; Waalkes, William C. ; Wheatley, Peter J. ; Zellem, Robert T. ; Angerhausen, Daniel ; Barrado, David ; Carone, Ludmila ; Casewell, Sarah L. ; Cubillos, Patricio E. ; Damiano, Mario ; Borro, Miguel De Val ; Drummond, Benjamin ; Edwards, Billy ; Endl, Michael ; Espinoza, Nestor ; France, Kevin ; Gizis, John E. ; Greene, Thomas P. ; Henning, Thomas K. ; Hong, Yucian ; Ingalls, James G. ; Iro, Nicolas ; Irwin, Patrick G.J. ; Kataria, Tiffany ; Lahuis, Fred ; Leconte, Jérémy ; Lillo-Box, Jorge ; Lines, Stefan ; Lothringer, Joshua D. ; Mancini, Luigi ; Marchis, Franck ; Mayne, Nathan ; Palle, Enric ; Rauscher, Emily ; Roudier, Gaël ; Shkolnik, Evgenya ; Southworth, John ; Swain, Mark R. ; Taylor, Jake ; Teske, Johanna ; Tinetti, Giovanna ; Tremblin, Pascal ; Tucker, Gregory S. ; Boekel, Roy Van ; Waldmann, Ingo P. ; Weaver, Ian C. ; Zingales, Tiziano. / The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST. In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 2018 ; Vol. 130, No. 993.
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abstract = "The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) presents the opportunity to transform our understanding of planets and the origins of life by revealing the atmospheric compositions, structures, and dynamics of transiting exoplanets in unprecedented detail. However, the high-precision, timeseries observations required for such investigations have unique technical challenges, and prior experience with Hubble, Spitzer, and other facilities indicates that there will be a steep learning curve when JWST becomes operational. In this paper, we describe the science objectives and detailed plans of the Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science (ERS) Program, which is a recently approved program for JWST observations early in Cycle 1. We also describe the simulations used to establish the program. The goal of this project, for which the obtained data will have no exclusive access period, is to accelerate the acquisition and diffusion of technical expertise for transiting exoplanet observations with JWST, while also providing a compelling set of representative data sets that will enable immediate scientific breakthroughs. The Transiting Exoplanet Community ERS Program will exercise the timeseries modes of all four JWST instruments that have been identified as the consensus highest priorities, observe the full suite of transiting planet characterization geometries (transits, eclipses, and phase curves), and target planets with host stars that span an illustrative range of brightnesses. The observations in this program were defined through an inclusive and transparent process that had participation from JWST instrument experts and international leaders in transiting exoplanet studies. The targets have been vetted with previous measurements, will be observable early in the mission, and have exceptional scientific merit. Community engagement in the project will be centered on a twophase Data Challenge that culminates with the delivery of planetary spectra, timeseries instrument performance reports, and open-source data analysis toolkits in time to inform the agenda for Cycle 2 of the JWST mission.",
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T1 - The transiting exoplanet community early release science program for JWST

AU - Bean, Jacob L.

AU - Stevenson, Kevin B.

AU - Batalha, Natalie M.

AU - Berta-Thompson, Zachory

AU - Kreidberg, Laura

AU - Crouzet, Nicolas

AU - Benneke, Björn

AU - Line, Michael

AU - Sing, David K.

AU - Wakeford, Hannah R.

AU - Knutson, Heather A.

AU - Kempton, Eliza M.R.

AU - Désert, Jean Michel

AU - Crossfield, Ian

AU - Batalha, Natasha E.

AU - de Wit, Julien

AU - Parmentier, Vivien

AU - Harrington, Joseph

AU - Moses, Julianne I.

AU - Lopez-Morales, Mercedes

AU - Alam, Munazza K.

AU - Blecic, Jasmina

AU - Bruno, Giovanni

AU - Carter, Aarynn L.

AU - Chapman, John W.

AU - Decin, Leen

AU - Dragomir, Diana

AU - Evans, Thomas M.

AU - Fortney, Jonathan J.

AU - Fraine, Jonathan D.

AU - Gao, Peter

AU - Muñoz, Antonio García

AU - Gibson, Neale P.

AU - Goyal, Jayesh M.

AU - Heng, Kevin

AU - Hu, Renyu

AU - Kendrew, Sarah

AU - Kilpatrick, Brian M.

AU - Krick, Jessica

AU - Lagage, Pierre Olivier

AU - Lendl, Monika

AU - Louden, Tom

AU - Madhusudhan, Nikku

AU - Mandell, Avi M.

AU - Mansfield, Megan

AU - May, Erin M.

AU - Morello, Giuseppe

AU - Morley, Caroline V.

AU - Nikolov, Nikolay

AU - Redfield, Seth

AU - Roberts, Jessica E.

AU - Schlawin, Everett

AU - Spake, Jessica J.

AU - Todorov, Kamen O.

AU - Tsiaras, Angelos

AU - Venot, Olivia

AU - Waalkes, William C.

AU - Wheatley, Peter J.

AU - Zellem, Robert T.

AU - Angerhausen, Daniel

AU - Barrado, David

AU - Carone, Ludmila

AU - Casewell, Sarah L.

AU - Cubillos, Patricio E.

AU - Damiano, Mario

AU - Borro, Miguel De Val

AU - Drummond, Benjamin

AU - Edwards, Billy

AU - Endl, Michael

AU - Espinoza, Nestor

AU - France, Kevin

AU - Gizis, John E.

AU - Greene, Thomas P.

AU - Henning, Thomas K.

AU - Hong, Yucian

AU - Ingalls, James G.

AU - Iro, Nicolas

AU - Irwin, Patrick G.J.

AU - Kataria, Tiffany

AU - Lahuis, Fred

AU - Leconte, Jérémy

AU - Lillo-Box, Jorge

AU - Lines, Stefan

AU - Lothringer, Joshua D.

AU - Mancini, Luigi

AU - Marchis, Franck

AU - Mayne, Nathan

AU - Palle, Enric

AU - Rauscher, Emily

AU - Roudier, Gaël

AU - Shkolnik, Evgenya

AU - Southworth, John

AU - Swain, Mark R.

AU - Taylor, Jake

AU - Teske, Johanna

AU - Tinetti, Giovanna

AU - Tremblin, Pascal

AU - Tucker, Gregory S.

AU - Boekel, Roy Van

AU - Waldmann, Ingo P.

AU - Weaver, Ian C.

AU - Zingales, Tiziano

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) presents the opportunity to transform our understanding of planets and the origins of life by revealing the atmospheric compositions, structures, and dynamics of transiting exoplanets in unprecedented detail. However, the high-precision, timeseries observations required for such investigations have unique technical challenges, and prior experience with Hubble, Spitzer, and other facilities indicates that there will be a steep learning curve when JWST becomes operational. In this paper, we describe the science objectives and detailed plans of the Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science (ERS) Program, which is a recently approved program for JWST observations early in Cycle 1. We also describe the simulations used to establish the program. The goal of this project, for which the obtained data will have no exclusive access period, is to accelerate the acquisition and diffusion of technical expertise for transiting exoplanet observations with JWST, while also providing a compelling set of representative data sets that will enable immediate scientific breakthroughs. The Transiting Exoplanet Community ERS Program will exercise the timeseries modes of all four JWST instruments that have been identified as the consensus highest priorities, observe the full suite of transiting planet characterization geometries (transits, eclipses, and phase curves), and target planets with host stars that span an illustrative range of brightnesses. The observations in this program were defined through an inclusive and transparent process that had participation from JWST instrument experts and international leaders in transiting exoplanet studies. The targets have been vetted with previous measurements, will be observable early in the mission, and have exceptional scientific merit. Community engagement in the project will be centered on a twophase Data Challenge that culminates with the delivery of planetary spectra, timeseries instrument performance reports, and open-source data analysis toolkits in time to inform the agenda for Cycle 2 of the JWST mission.

AB - The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) presents the opportunity to transform our understanding of planets and the origins of life by revealing the atmospheric compositions, structures, and dynamics of transiting exoplanets in unprecedented detail. However, the high-precision, timeseries observations required for such investigations have unique technical challenges, and prior experience with Hubble, Spitzer, and other facilities indicates that there will be a steep learning curve when JWST becomes operational. In this paper, we describe the science objectives and detailed plans of the Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science (ERS) Program, which is a recently approved program for JWST observations early in Cycle 1. We also describe the simulations used to establish the program. The goal of this project, for which the obtained data will have no exclusive access period, is to accelerate the acquisition and diffusion of technical expertise for transiting exoplanet observations with JWST, while also providing a compelling set of representative data sets that will enable immediate scientific breakthroughs. The Transiting Exoplanet Community ERS Program will exercise the timeseries modes of all four JWST instruments that have been identified as the consensus highest priorities, observe the full suite of transiting planet characterization geometries (transits, eclipses, and phase curves), and target planets with host stars that span an illustrative range of brightnesses. The observations in this program were defined through an inclusive and transparent process that had participation from JWST instrument experts and international leaders in transiting exoplanet studies. The targets have been vetted with previous measurements, will be observable early in the mission, and have exceptional scientific merit. Community engagement in the project will be centered on a twophase Data Challenge that culminates with the delivery of planetary spectra, timeseries instrument performance reports, and open-source data analysis toolkits in time to inform the agenda for Cycle 2 of the JWST mission.

KW - Methods: Observational

KW - Planets and satellites: Atmospheres

KW - Planets and satellites: Individual

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U2 - 10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3

DO - 10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3

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JO - Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific

JF - Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific

SN - 0004-6280

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M1 - 114402

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