The tale of two climates - Baltimore and Phoenix urban LTER sites

Anthony Brazel, Nancy Selover, Russell Vose, Gordon Heisler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

243 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites now include urban areas (Baltimore, Maryland and Phoenix, Arizona). A goal of LTER in these cities is to blend physical and social science investigations to better understand urban ecological change. Research monitoring programs are underway to investigate the effects of urbanization on ecosystems. Climate changes in these urban areas reflect the expanding population and associated land surface modifications. Long-term urban climate effects are detectable from an analysis of the GHCN (Global Historical Climate Network) database and a comparison of urban versus rural temperature changes with decadal population data. The relation of the urban versus rural minimum temperatures (ΔTminu-r) to population changes is pronounced and non-linear over time for both cities. The ΔTmaxu-r data show no well-defined temporal trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalClimate Research
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2000

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climate
urban area
physical science
urban climate
Social sciences
climate effect
Climate change
Ecosystems
Surface treatment
land surface
urbanization
temperature
Temperature
climate change
Monitoring
ecosystem
monitoring
city
comparison
social science

Keywords

  • Baltimore
  • GHCN temperature time series
  • Land cover
  • Land use
  • Long-Term Ecological Research
  • Phoenix
  • Urban climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

The tale of two climates - Baltimore and Phoenix urban LTER sites. / Brazel, Anthony; Selover, Nancy; Vose, Russell; Heisler, Gordon.

In: Climate Research, Vol. 15, No. 2, 20.07.2000, p. 123-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brazel, Anthony ; Selover, Nancy ; Vose, Russell ; Heisler, Gordon. / The tale of two climates - Baltimore and Phoenix urban LTER sites. In: Climate Research. 2000 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 123-135.
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