The systemic model of crime and institutional efficacy: An analysis of the social context of offender reintegration

Kevin Wright, Travis C. Pratt, Christopher T. Lowenkamp, Edward J. Latessa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The systemic model of crime has received considerable empirical attention from criminologists; yet, an often-neglected component of the theoretical framework is the role of social institutions as a source of both formal and informal social control. Accordingly, the current study builds on recent research that considers the importance of institutional strength for the reduction of criminal behavior; in particular, the authors assess the impact of social-structural characteristics on the treatment program integrity (i.e., institutional efficacy) of 38 halfway house programs in Ohio. The authors' results indicate that communities suffering from concentrated resource deprivation have a more difficult time creating and maintaining strong institutions of public social control. The implications for criminological theory and correctional policy are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)92-111
    Number of pages20
    JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
    Volume57
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2013

    Keywords

    • institutional efficacy
    • offender treatment
    • systemic model

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Applied Psychology

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