The status model of racial identity development in African American adolescents: Evidence of structure, trajectories, and well-being

Eleanor Seaton, Krista Maywalt Scottham, Robert M. Sellers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the identity formation model is widely used to assess adolescent ethnic identity development, the model propositions have rarely been tested. The existence of the identity statuses (diffuse, foreclosed, moratorium, achieved), the proposed developmental trajectories, and whether youth in the achieved status report higher levels of psychological well-being were examined among a longitudinal sample of 224 African American adolescents, aged 11-17. Cluster analyses were used to create 4 identity statuses consistent with the theoretical model at both time points. The findings indicate that some adolescents progressed, while others regressed or remained constant across time periods. Lastly, the results generally support the assumption that individuals in the achieved status had the highest levels of psychological well-being at both time periods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1416-1426
Number of pages11
JournalChild Development
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

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African Americans
well-being
adolescent
evidence
identity formation
Psychology
ethnic identity
Cluster Analysis
Theoretical Models
American
time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The status model of racial identity development in African American adolescents : Evidence of structure, trajectories, and well-being. / Seaton, Eleanor; Scottham, Krista Maywalt; Sellers, Robert M.

In: Child Development, Vol. 77, No. 5, 09.2006, p. 1416-1426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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