The Speech and Language Status of Toddlers with Cleft Lip and/or Palate Following Early Vocabulary Intervention

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24 Scopus citations


This study examined the effects of a vocabulary intervention for 3 children with cleft lip and/or palate who showed limited consonant inventories and delayed expressive language. In a multiple baseline design across behaviors, a vocabulary intervention was implemented using a milieu model. The treatment produced an increase in vocabulary production that generalized to a conversational language sample in the clinic and home as reported by parents. Phonological variables, including consonant repertoire and syllable structure, were monitored before and after language treatment for all children. Phonological performance improved and did not need to be addressed as a separate goal in intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of speech-language pathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999



  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Language impairment
  • Language intervention
  • Phonological development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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