The spatio-temporal relationship between alcohol outlets and violence before and after privatization: A natural experiment, Seattle, Wa 2010–2013

Loni Philip Tabb, Lance Ballester, Anthony Grubesic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Alcohol-related violence is a well-documented public health concern, where various individual and community-level factors contribute to this relationship. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of a significant policy change at the local level, which privatized liquor sales and distribution. Specifically, we explored the relationship between alcohol and violence in Seattle, WA, 2010–2013, via hierarchical spatio-temporal disease mapping models. To measure and map this complex spatio-temporal relationship at the census block group level (n=567), we examined a variety of models using integrated nested Laplace approximations and used the deviance information criterion to gauge model complexity and fit. For each additional off-premises and on-premises alcohol outlet in a given census block group, we found a significant increase of 8% and 5% for aggravated assaults and 6% and 5% for non-aggravated assaults, respectively. Lastly, our maps showed variation in the estimated relative risks across the city of Seattle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalSpatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016



  • Alcohol outlet
  • Bayesian spatio-temporal
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Infectious Diseases

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