The Sexual Exploitation of Girls in the United States: The Role of Female Pimps

Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, James Gallagher, Markus Risinger, Kristine Hickle

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Scopus citations


    The role of women in the sex trafficking of minors in the United States has received limited research attention. Case study analysis of 49 female pimps from federal, state, and local cases were analyzed to explore whether there were differences in the penalties given to females when compared with their male co-defendants, and cross-case analysis was conducted to identify themes that represent female pimp typologies. Both prison sentence and probation sentences were significantly lower for female co-defendants when compared with their male co-defendants. Five discrete typologies were developed including Bottom, Madam/Business Partner, Family, Girilla, and Handler. Each of these had unique features regarding violence toward their minor victims, co-defendants, actions during the sexual exploitation of the minor, and sentencing outcomes. Implications for practice and future research were recommended.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2814-2830
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of interpersonal violence
    Issue number16
    StatePublished - Oct 27 2015


    • female offenders
    • pimps
    • sex trafficking
    • sexual exploitation
    • traffickers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Psychology
    • Applied Psychology


    Dive into the research topics of 'The Sexual Exploitation of Girls in the United States: The Role of Female Pimps'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this