The Search for Predictable Settings. Situational Prototypes, Constraint, and Behavioral Variation

Nicola S. Schutte, Douglas Kenrick, Edward K. Sadalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although a good deal of research has been addressed at finding persons who are more or less variable across situations, less attention has been paid to the complementary interactionist question: Which situations are associated with more or less behavioral variance? The present investigation examined the effects of situational prototypicality and constraint on both memory and predicted behavior within settings. Memory data support the existence of situational prototypes. Both the degree of prototypicality of a situation and the level of situational constraint influenced predicted behavior; the greater the prototypicality of a situation and the higher the level of situational constraint, the more consensus there was as to what behaviors subjects would perform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-128
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1985

Fingerprint

Consensus
Research
human being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The Search for Predictable Settings. Situational Prototypes, Constraint, and Behavioral Variation. / Schutte, Nicola S.; Kenrick, Douglas; Sadalla, Edward K.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 1, 07.1985, p. 121-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6dede26309e74433b73b9a96766c23df,
title = "The Search for Predictable Settings. Situational Prototypes, Constraint, and Behavioral Variation",
abstract = "Although a good deal of research has been addressed at finding persons who are more or less variable across situations, less attention has been paid to the complementary interactionist question: Which situations are associated with more or less behavioral variance? The present investigation examined the effects of situational prototypicality and constraint on both memory and predicted behavior within settings. Memory data support the existence of situational prototypes. Both the degree of prototypicality of a situation and the level of situational constraint influenced predicted behavior; the greater the prototypicality of a situation and the higher the level of situational constraint, the more consensus there was as to what behaviors subjects would perform.",
author = "Schutte, {Nicola S.} and Douglas Kenrick and Sadalla, {Edward K.}",
year = "1985",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.121",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "121--128",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Search for Predictable Settings. Situational Prototypes, Constraint, and Behavioral Variation

AU - Schutte, Nicola S.

AU - Kenrick, Douglas

AU - Sadalla, Edward K.

PY - 1985/7

Y1 - 1985/7

N2 - Although a good deal of research has been addressed at finding persons who are more or less variable across situations, less attention has been paid to the complementary interactionist question: Which situations are associated with more or less behavioral variance? The present investigation examined the effects of situational prototypicality and constraint on both memory and predicted behavior within settings. Memory data support the existence of situational prototypes. Both the degree of prototypicality of a situation and the level of situational constraint influenced predicted behavior; the greater the prototypicality of a situation and the higher the level of situational constraint, the more consensus there was as to what behaviors subjects would perform.

AB - Although a good deal of research has been addressed at finding persons who are more or less variable across situations, less attention has been paid to the complementary interactionist question: Which situations are associated with more or less behavioral variance? The present investigation examined the effects of situational prototypicality and constraint on both memory and predicted behavior within settings. Memory data support the existence of situational prototypes. Both the degree of prototypicality of a situation and the level of situational constraint influenced predicted behavior; the greater the prototypicality of a situation and the higher the level of situational constraint, the more consensus there was as to what behaviors subjects would perform.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000352659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000352659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.121

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.121

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000352659

VL - 49

SP - 121

EP - 128

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 1

ER -