The Schottky barrier of Co on strained and unstrained Si x Ge 1-x alloys

Ja Hum Ku, R. J. Nemanich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, metal films of Co were deposited in situ on strained and unstrained Si x Ge 1-x alloys, and the Schottky barrier (E F - E V ) was determined by angle resolved ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (ARUPS). Measurements were obtained as a function of Ge composition. Strained and unstrained epitaxial Si x Ge 1-x r alloys were grown on Si(100) waters using electron beam evaporation in an ultra-high vacuum molecular beam epitaxy (UHV MBE) chamber. The ARUPS experiments were performed to measure the Schottky barrier heights of Co on a series of Si x Ge 1-x alloys, and to observe the surface states. The surface states of clean Si x Ge 1-x alloys were observed and were extinguished as Co thickness increased to ∼ 0.4 Å. The p-type Schottky barrier of Co on Si was found to be 0.52 eV. The measured barrier heights of Co on strained Si x Ge 1-x alloys ranged from 0.33 eV to 0.46 eV as x increased from 0.40 to 0.80. The Schottky barrier of Co on unstrained Si x Ge 1-x alloys ranged from 0.23 eV to 0.41 eV as x increased from 0 to 0.60. In fact, the p-type Schottky barrier was essentially identical for strained and unstrained Si x Ge 1-x alloys of the same concentration. This indicates that the n-type Schottky barrier is substantially different for strained and unstrained alloys. ARUPS was also conducted to measure the electron affinities of the series of Si x Ge 1-x alloys and the work function of Co. The results show that the barrier does not follow the work function model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-266
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume104-105
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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